groffer Command in Linux with Examples
- groff files – files made by using groff command. Groff is typically used to create man pages.
- man page – man page(manual page) is documentation of different commands available in Linux.
- X window system(X) – X Windows system provides the base for GUI on Linux Operating System.
- tty – tty is short of the teletype, but popularly known as a terminal. It allows us to interact with the system.
We can also decompress the compressed files that are handled by gzip or bzip2 with the help of groffers command very easily.
In some Linux distros, groffers command is not installed by default. You can do it using apt package manager by entering the following command in cmd:
sudo apt install groff
groffer [mode-option ...] [groff-option ...] [man-option ...] [X-option ...] [--] [filespec ...]
Note: The filespec parameters are not optional parameters. They are to be provided by the user for groffer command to work or display some sort of output.
Working with groffer Command:
1. To display a file or man page. By default, groffer will display these files in PDF format.
2. To concatenate multiple files into one pdf.
groffer printf scanf file.txt
3. To display man pages categorized into different sections. For example, printf command has two section_extensions: printf(1) and printf(3).
groffer printf.1 printf.3
Note: In Linux systems, these section_extensions are denoted by a digit from 1 to 9 while in UNIX systems by one of the characters from n & o.
4. To search the filespec argument in man page descriptions.
groffer --apropos printf
Note: section_extension isn’t supported with the apropos command.
5. To display all the man pages related to the given filespec argument. Example: Searching printf with –all option will also display synopsis about printf, fprintf, dprintf, sprintf, snprintf, vprintf, etc.
groffer --all printf
6. To display the files or man pages in the Postscript viewer program (ps mode).
groffer --ps printf
7. To generate device output with plain Groff.
groffer --groff printf
8. To display the output in terminal or tty mode.
groffer --tty printf