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Global Warming

Last Updated : 13 May, 2024
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Global warming is the long-term increase in Earth’s average temperature caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The enhanced greenhouse effect is due to the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and fluorinated gases. This may drastically change rainfall pattern, and global temperature and can deleteriously affect living

Global Warming Defintion

Global warming refers to gradual increase in the earth’s average temperature primarily due to the greenhouse gases like methane, carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is the long-term warming of the earth’s overall temperature, mainly due to human activities and greenhouse gases. The greenhouse effect, a natural process responsible for heating of earth’s surface and atmosphere. Fossil fuel, deforestation, and agricultural and industrial practices increase greenhouse gases, mainly carbon dioxide and methane. During the past century the global temperature of the earth has increased by 0.6 C, mainly in the past three decades.Global-Warming

The rise in temperature is leading to deleterious changes in the environment and resulting in different climatic changes like El Nino effect or melting of the polar ice caps, this can result in rise in sea level that can submerge many coastal areas. Higher temperatures are causing more intense storms, droughts, and other weather extremes. Environmental change in, coral reefs, and the polar areas is forcing many species to relocate or become extinct. It can affect the crop yield and can result in food scarcity.

Causes of Global Warming

Global warming is mainly caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases due to human activities or natural causes, therefore, the main causes of global warming include:

Man-Made Causes of Global Warming

The following human causes of global warming are:


The cutting of forests for cropping, infrastructure development, and other purposes decreases the number of trees that absorb CO2.. This results in increase in atmospheric CO2 levels, leading to greenhouse effect and global warming.


Agricultural practices, including rice cultivation, livestock farming, and the use of synthetic fertilizers, produce significant amounts of methane and nitrous oxide, both are potent greenhouse gases.

Industrial Activities

Industrial activities, such as construction, manufacturing, cement production, release gases like CO2, methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) into the atmosphere, contributing to global warming.

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are potent greenhouse gases that causes ozone depletion and contribute to global warming when released into the atmosphere, although their impact is much smaller compared to carbon dioxide and methane.

Land Use Changes

Deforestation, Urbanization, and land conversion for agriculture, affect the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and contribute to global warming.

Natural Causes of Global Warming

The following natural causes of global warming are:


The ash and smoke emitted throughout volcanic eruptions goes out into the atmosphere and increases the temperature. These are the most important natural contributors to global warming.

Water Vapor

Water vapor could be a quiet gas. Because of the rise in the earth’s temperature, more water changes into gaseous form and remains within the atmosphere adding to the global warming. 

Melting land

As ice melts, it reduces Earth’s albedo, leading to more heat absorption, creating a positive feedback loop that causes global warming. This melting ice contributes to rising sea levels and other climate changes.

Forest Blazes

Forest blazes release large amounts of carbon dioxide when they burn, contributing to global warming by increasing greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere.

Climate Change Effects

Climate change, driven largely by global warming, manifests in various environmental and societal impacts. These include more frequent and severe weather events such as hurricanes, droughts, and heatwaves. It also exacerbates water scarcity, affects agricultural yields, and leads to biodiversity loss, affecting ecosystems and wildlife.

Effects of Global Warming

The effects of global warming are far reaching and have significant impacts on the weather, ecosystems, and human. The effects of global warming are as follows:

Rising temperatures

Average global temperatures have been rising over the years, leading to more frequent and intense heat waves,drought, flood etc. Changes can occur rapidly or gradually. Rising temperature can have affect on the cropping pattern and can result in food scarcity.

Melting ice and rising sea levels

Increase in the temperature contributes to the melting of glaciers and ice sheets in polar regions and mountain caps. This can cause sea levels to rise, posing threat to coastal communities and low-lying areas, leading to their submergence.

Ocean acidification

Ocean acidification occurs when the excess carbon dioxide (CO2) gets absorbed by the oceans. This can have devastating impacts on marine life. Organisms with calcium carbonate shells or skeletons, like corals are the most affected as it makes it difficult for them to build their body structures.

Extreme weather events

Global warming can cause increase in the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events, like droughts, floods, and wildfires. These can cause damage to infrastructure, threaten human lives and livelihoods and disrupt ecosystem.

Changes in ecosystems

Rising temperatures can result in change in ecosystems, including shifts in species distributions, change in migration patterns, and disruptions to food chains or food web.

Threats to agriculture and food security

Changes in temperature and rainfall patterns can affect crop yields and disrupt agricultural production. This can lead to food insecurity, and higher food prices.

Health Consequences

Human health gets affected through weather related events like heat stroke and can influence the spread of diseases carried by vectors like mosquitoes and ticks. Air pollution due to poor air quality can increase respiratory problems and cardiovascular diseases.

Economic consequences

Economic consequences affecting different sectors like agriculture, tourism, etc can occur due to global warming. The economic price related to repair, disaster relief, and infrastructure development to adapt to climate change can be significant.

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Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases, trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere, creating a ‘greenhouse effect’. This natural process is intensified by human-induced emissions, leading to higher global temperatures and altered weather patterns.

Global Temperature Increase

The average global temperature has seen a significant rise over the past century, primarily due to increased greenhouse gas emissions. This rise in temperature is causing longer and more intense heatwaves, melting glaciers, and shifts in climate zones, among other changes.

Carbon Emissions

Carbon emissions, specifically carbon dioxide (CO2), are the largest contributor to global warming. These emissions result from the combustion of carbon-based fuels such as coal, oil, and gas. Reducing these emissions is critical for mitigating global warming and achieving sustainability goals.

Renewable Energy for Global Warming

Renewable energy sources like solar, wind, hydro, and geothermal play a crucial role in combating global warming. By replacing fossil fuels, renewable energy reduces carbon emissions and has a lower environmental impact, promoting a sustainable and cleaner energy future.

Sea Level Rise

As global temperatures increase, ice caps and glaciers melt, contributing to sea level rise. This rise threatens coastal and low-lying communities with increased flooding, erosion, and saltwater intrusion, endangering habitats and infrastructure.

Global Warming Prevention Strategies

Preventing global warming involves multiple strategies focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing global resilience to climate impacts. Key measures include transitioning to renewable energy, improving energy efficiency, reforesting, and promoting sustainable land use practices. Policy measures, international cooperation, and community engagement are also vital to effectively address global warming.

Global Warming Solutions

Solution to global warming requires combine efforts from governments, communities, and individuals. Some of the solution to global warming are:

Go Green

Shift from fossil fuels like coal and oil to renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, hydroelectric, and geothermal power. Investing in renewable energy infrastructure helps reduce emission of greenhouse gases from electricity generation.

Improve energy efficiency in buildings, industries, and transportation. This includes using energy-efficient appliances, better insulation, and promoting public transportation and electric vehicles.

Sequester Carbon

Planting new forests and restoring degraded lands can help sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, as trees absorb CO2 during photosynthesis.

Promoting Sustainable Agriculture

Promote sustainable agricultural practices that reduce emissions from livestock, reduce the use of chemical fertilizers, go for organic farming and use sustainable agriculture practices.

Promote Reuse and Recycle

Encourage practices that minimize waste, promote reuse and extend product lifetimes. Maximizing recycling will reduce the energy and resources needed for producing new goods.

Increasing Awareness

Increase awareness about the adverse affects of global warming on the ecosystem and human beings. Raise awareness about he importance of individual and collective efforts.

Innovation in Technology

Innovation in technologies and investment in research should be promotes to reduce emissions and increase carbon sequestration. This includes advancements in clean energy, and sustainable agriculture practices.

Global Warming – FAQs

What is Global Warming?

Global warming refers to the long-term increase in Earth’s average surface temperature due to human activities, primarily from the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane, which trap heat in the atmosphere.

What are the Main Causes of Global Warming?

The primary cause of global warming is the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, resulting from the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial activities that release significant amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

How Does Global Warming Affect the Environment?

Global warming leads to climate change, with effects including more extreme weather (like hurricanes and droughts), melting ice caps, rising sea levels, disrupted habitats for wildlife, and a greater frequency of heat-related natural disasters.

Can Global Warming Be Reversed?

While the effects of global warming cannot be completely reversed, significant mitigation is possible through concerted global efforts. This includes reducing greenhouse gas emissions, transitioning to renewable energy sources, and enhancing natural carbon sinks like forests.

What Can Individuals Do to Help Combat Global Warming?

Individuals can contribute by reducing their carbon footprint through actions such as using energy-efficient appliances, reducing car travel, recycling, supporting renewable energy projects, and advocating for policies that aim to reduce emissions.

What Are the Predictions for Global Warming in the Next 50 Years?

Predictions indicate that if current trends continue, global temperatures could increase by an additional 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius within the next 50 years, leading to more severe environmental and social impacts globally.

How is Global Warming Linked to Extreme Weather Events?

Global warming contributes to extreme weather by altering atmospheric conditions and ocean temperatures, which in turn affect weather patterns. This can increase the frequency, intensity, and duration of extreme weather events such as storms, heatwaves, and heavy rainfall.

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