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Get the city, state, and country names from latitude and longitude using Python

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  • Last Updated : 22 Oct, 2020

In this article, we are going to write a python script to get the city, state, and country names by using latitude and longitude using the Geopy module.geopy makes it easy for Python developers to locate the coordinates of addresses, cities, countries, and landmarks across the world.

To install the Geopy module, run the following command in your terminal.

pip install geopy

Approach:

  • Import the Geopy module
  • Initialize Nominatim API to get location from the input string.
  • Get location with geolocator.reverse() function.
  • Now extract the data from the location instance

Let’s implement with step by step:

Step #1: Import the module.

Python3




# import module
from geopy.geocoders import Nominatim

Step #2: Make a Nominatim object and initialize Nominatim API  with the geoapiExercises parameter.

Python




# initialize Nominatim API 
geolocator = Nominatim(user_agent="geoapiExercises")

Step #3: Now assign the latitude and longitude into a geolocator.reverse() method. A reverse() methods require the argument query, and also accept at least the argument exactly_one, which is True by default.

Python3




# Latitude & Longitude input
Latitude = "25.594095"
Longitude = "85.137566"
  
location = geolocator.reverse(Latitude+","+Longitude)
  
# Display
print(location)

Output:

[Location(Rajendra Nagar, Patna, Patna Rural, Patna, Bihar, 800001, India, (25.594023552508407, 85.13756080147536, 0.0))]
 

Step #4: Now get the information from the given list and parsed into a dictionary with raw function().

Python3




address = location.raw['address']
print(address)

Output:

{'suburb': 'Rajendra Nagar',
 'city': 'Patna',
 'county': 'Patna Rural',
 'state_district': 'Patna',
 'state': 'Bihar',
 'postcode': '800001',
 'country': 'India',
 'country_code': 'in'}

Step #5: Now traverse the city, state, and country names.

Python3




city = address.get('city', '')
state = address.get('state', '')
country = address.get('country', '')
code = address.get('country_code')
zipcode = address.get('postcode')
print('City : ',city)
print('State : ',state)
print('Country : ',country)
print('Zip Code : ', zipcode)

Output:

City :  Patna
State :  Bihar
Country :  India
Zip Code :  800001

Full implementation:

Python3




# import module
from geopy.geocoders import Nominatim
  
# initialize Nominatim API
geolocator = Nominatim(user_agent="geoapiExercises")
  
  
# Latitude & Longitude input
Latitude = "25.594095"
Longitude = "85.137566"
  
location = geolocator.reverse(Latitude+","+Longitude)
  
address = location.raw['address']
  
# traverse the data
city = address.get('city', '')
state = address.get('state', '')
country = address.get('country', '')
code = address.get('country_code')
zipcode = address.get('postcode')
print('City : ', city)
print('State : ', state)
print('Country : ', country)
print('Zip Code : ', zipcode)

Output:

City :  Patna
State :  Bihar
Country :  India
Zip Code :  800001

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