The getrlimit() and setrlimit() system calls can be used to get and set the resource limits such as files, CPU, memory etc. associated with a process.
Each resource has an associated soft and hard limit.
- soft limit: The soft limit is the actual limit enforced by the kernel for the corresponding resource.
- hard limit: The hard limit acts as a ceiling for the soft limit.
The soft limit ranges in between 0 and hard limit.
The two limits are defined by the following structure
The signatures of the system calls are
resource refers to the resource limits you want to retrieve or modify.
To set both the limits, set the values with the new values to the elements of rlimit structure.
To get both the limits, pass the address of rlim. Successful call to getrlimit(), sets the rlimit elements to the limits.
On success, both return 0. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
Here, is a program demonstrating the system calls by changing the value one greater than the maximum file descriptor number to 3.
Old limits -> soft limit= 1048576 hard limit= 1048576 New limits -> soft limit= 3 hard limit= 1024
The Old limits values may vary depending upon the system.
Now, If you try to open a new file, it will show run time error, because maximum 3 files can be opened and that are already being opened by the system(STDIN, STDOUT, STDERR).
Old limits -> soft limit= 1048576 hard limit= 1048576
New limits -> soft limit= 3 hard limit= 1024
Too many open files
There is another system call prlimit() that combines both the system calls.
For more details, check manual by typing
man 2 prlimit
Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important CS Theory concepts for SDE interviews with the CS Theory Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.
- Resource Allocation Graph (RAG) in Operating System
- Resource Allocation Techniques for Processes
- Cross Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)
- Drawback of Resource Preemption
- Resource Allocation
- Resource Reservation Protocol in Real-time Systems
- Create n-child process from same parent process using fork() in C
- Process Table and Process Control Block (PCB)
- Pass the value from child process to parent process
- Process states and Transitions in a UNIX Process
- Process Scheduler : Job and Process Status
- Difference between Process Image and Multi Thread Process image
- Process Schedulers in Operating System
- Introduction of Process Management
- Monitors in Process Synchronization
- Multi Threading Models in Process Management
- Inter Process Communication (IPC)
- Operating Systems | Process Management | Question 6
- Maximum number of Zombie process a system can handle
- Double forking to prevent Zombie process
If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to email@example.com. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.