Get maximum items when other items of total cost of an item are free

Given a list of prices of ‘N’ items. A person can buy only one item of any price and he can get other items for free such that the total price of the rest of the items doesn’t exceed the price of the bought item. The task is to find the maximum number of items the person can have.

Examples:

Input: n = 5, arr = {5, 3, 1, 5, 6}
Output: 3
The person can buy any item of price 5 or 6 and download items of prices 1 and 3 for free. So, he can get at most 3 items.

Input: n = 2, arr = {7, 7}
Output: 2

Approach:

The person should buy the most expensive item and then start taking the items starting from the least pricing (until the total price is lest than or equal to the bought item) in order to maximize the total number of items.
Thus, we sort the list of prices and choose the last element, then we will iterate from 1st index to n-2 index and check if the total sum is less than or equal to the last element.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

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// C++ implementation of 
// the above approach 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to count the 
// total number of items 
int  items(int n, int a[]){ 
  
    // Sort the prices 
    sort(a,a+n);
  
    // Choose the last element 
    int z = a[n-1]; 
  
    // Initial count of item 
    int x = 1;
  
    // Sum to keep track of 
    // the total price 
    // of free items 
    int s = 0;
    for (int i=0;i<n-1;i++) 
    {
        s += a[i]; 
  
        // If total is less than 
        // or equal to z then 
        // we will add 1 to the answer 
        if (s <= z) 
            x+= 1;
        else 
            break;
    }
    return x;
}
int main()
{
int n = 5;
  
int a[]= {5, 3, 1, 5, 6};
  
cout<<items(n, a); 
}
  
//contributed by Arnab Kundu

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Java

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// Java implementation of 
// the above approach
import java.util.Arrays; 
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG {
  
// Function to count the 
// total number of items 
static int items(int n, int a[]){ 
  
    // Sort the prices 
    Arrays.sort(a);
  
    // Choose the last element 
    int z = a[n-1]; 
  
    // Initial count of item 
    int x = 1;
  
    // Sum to keep track of 
    // the total price 
    // of free items 
    int s = 0;
    for (int i=0;i<n-1;i++) 
    {
        s += a[i]; 
  
        // If total is less than 
        // or equal to z then 
        // we will add 1 to the answer 
        if (s <= z) 
            x+= 1;
        else
            break;
    }
    return x;
}
        // Driver code
    public static void main (String[] args) {
  
        int n = 5;
        int a[]= {5, 3, 1, 5, 6};
        System.out.println(items(n, a)); 
    }
//This code is contributed by ajit    
}

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Python3

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# Python3 implementation of 
# the above approach
  
# Function to count the 
# total number of items
def items(n, a):
  
    # Sort the prices
    a.sort()
  
    # Choose the last element
    z = a[n-1]
  
    # Initial count of item
    x = 1
  
    # Sum to keep track of 
    # the total price 
    # of free items
    s = 0
    for i in range(0, n-1):
  
        s += a[i]
  
        # If total is less than 
        # or equal to z then 
        # we will add 1 to the answer
        if (s <= z):
            x+= 1
        else:
            break
    return x
  
n = 5
a = [5, 3, 1, 5, 6]
print(items(n, a))

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C#

// C# implementation of the
// above approach
using System;

class GFG
{
// Function to count the
// total number of items
static int items(int n, int []a)
{

// Sort the prices
Array.Sort(a);

// Choose the last element
int z = a[n – 1];

// Initial count of item
int x = 1;

// Sum to keep track of
// the total price
// of free items
int s = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < n - 1; i++) { s += a[i]; // If total is less than or equal to z // then we will add 1 to the answer if (s <= z) x += 1; else break; } return x; } // Driver code static public void Main () { int n = 5; int []a = {5, 3, 1, 5, 6}; Console.WriteLine(items(n, a)); } } // This code is contributed // by akt_mit [tabby title="PHP"]

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<?php
//PHP implementation of 
// the above approach 
// Function to count the 
// total number of items 
  
function items($n, $a){ 
  
    // Sort the prices 
    sort($a); 
  
    // Choose the last element 
    $z = $a[$n-1]; 
  
    // Initial count of item 
    $x = 1; 
  
    // Sum to keep track of 
    // the total price 
    // of free items 
    $s = 0; 
    for ($i=0;$i<$n-1;$i++) 
    
        $s += $a[$i]; 
  
        // If total is less than 
        // or equal to z then 
        // we will add 1 to the answer 
        if ($s <= $z
            $x+= 1; 
        else
            break
    
    return $x
//Code driven
$n = 5; 
$a= array(5, 3, 1, 5, 6); 
  
echo items($n, $a); 
  
  
//This code is contributed by ajit 
?>

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Output:

3


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