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Get and Post method using Fetch API
  • Last Updated : 08 Nov, 2019

The fetch() method is used to send the requests to the server without refreshing the page. It is an alternative to the XMLHttpRequest object.

The basic syntax of a fetch() request is as follows:




fetch(url, {options})
.then(data => {
    // Do some stuff here
})
.catch(err => {
    // Catch and display errors
})

The difference between XMLHttpRequest and fetch is that fetch uses Promises which are easy to manage when dealing with multiple asynchronous operations where callbacks can create callback hell leading to unmanageable code.

However there are still some browsers that do not support fetch() method, so for those, we have to stick with the XMLHttpRequest object.

A fetch() method can be used with many type of reuqests such as POST, GET, PUT and DELETE.



GET method using fetch API:
In this example, we are going to use JSONPlaceholder which provides REST API get and post random data such as posts, users, etc.

First of all, create an HTML file with the following code:




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <title>Fetch API</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div>
      <h1>Fetch API GET REQUEST</h1>
      <h3>Fetching Users</h3>
  
      <!-- Table to display fetched user data -->
      <table id="users"></table>
    </div>
       
    <!-- Link JavaScript file -->
    <script src="main.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>

In JavaScript, file contains the following code




//  main.js
   
//  GET request using fetch()
    
    // Converting received data to JSON
    .then(response => response.json())
    .then(json => {
   
        // Create a variable to store HTML
        let li = `<tr><th>Name</th><th>Email</th></tr>`;
        
        // Loop through each data and add a table row
        json.forEach(user => {
            li += `<tr>
                <td>${user.name} </td>
                <td>${user.email}</td>         
            </tr>`;
        });
   
    // Display result
    document.getElementById("users").innerHTML = li;
});

Now, when you open the HTML file you’ll see the result as follows:

When you open DevTools in Chrome (Press F12) you’ll see that a fetch request has been made to the route users.

You can get more data from the request, refer to the documentation.

POST request using fetch API:
The post request is widely used to submit forms to the server. Fetch also supports the POST method call. To do a POST request we need to specify additional parameters with the request such as method, headers, etc.
In this example, we’ll do a POST request on the same JSONPlaceholder and add a post in the posts. It’ll then return the same post content with an ID.

In the same JavaScript file add the following content:




//  main.js
   
// POST request using fetch()
      
    // Adding method type
    method: "POST",
      
    // Adding body or contents to send
    body: JSON.stringify({
        title: "foo",
        body: "bar",
        userId: 1
    }),
      
    // Adding headers to the request
    headers: {
        "Content-type": "application/json; charset=UTF-8"
    }
})
  
// Converting to JSON
.then(response => response.json())
  
// Displaying results to console
.then(json => console.log(json));

Now if you open your javascript console and refresh the page you’ll see a result like below –

The API returns a status of 201 which is a HTTP status code for Created.

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