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Generating Word Cloud in Python | Set 2

  • Last Updated : 08 Jun, 2021

Prerequisite: Generating Word Cloud in Python | Set – 1
Word Cloud is a data visualization technique used for representing text data in which the size of each word indicates its frequency or importance. Significant textual data points can be highlighted using a word cloud. Word clouds are widely used for analyzing data from social network websites.
For generating word cloud in Python, modules needed are – matplotlib, pandas and wordcloud. To install these packages, run the following commands :
 

pip install matplotlib
pip install pandas
pip install wordcloud

To get the link to csv file used, click here
Code #1 : Number of words 
It is possible to set a maximum number of words to display on the tagcloud. For this purpose, Use max_words keyword arguments of WordCloud() function.
 

Python3




# importing the necessary modules
from wordcloud import WordCloud
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import csv
 
# file object is created
file_ob = open(r"C:/Users/user/Documents/sample.csv")
 
# reader object is created
reader_ob = csv.reader(file_ob)
 
# contents of reader object is stored .
# data is stored in list of list format.
reader_contents = list(reader_ob)
 
# empty string is declare
text = ""
 
# iterating through list of rows
for row in reader_contents :
     
    # iterating through words in the row
    for word in row :
 
        # concatenate the words
        text = text + " " + word
 
# show only 10 words in the wordcloud .
wordcloud = WordCloud(width=480, height=480, max_words=10).generate(text)
 
# plot the WordCloud image
plt.figure()
plt.imshow(wordcloud, interpolation="bilinear")
plt.axis("off")
plt.margins(x=0, y=0)
plt.show()

Output: 
 

output

  
Code #2 : Remove some words
Some words can be removed that we don’t want to show. For this purpose, pass those words to stopwords list arguments of WordCloud() function.
 

Python3




# importing the necessary modules
from wordcloud import WordCloud
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import csv
 
# file object is created
file_ob = open(r"C:/Users/user/Documents/sample.csv")
 
# reader object is created
reader_ob = csv.reader(file_ob)
 
# contents of reader object is stored .
# data is stored in list of list format.
reader_contents = list(reader_ob)
 
# empty string is declare
text = ""
 
# iterating through list of rows
for row in reader_contents :
     
    # iterating through words in the row
    for word in row :
 
        # concatenate the words
        text = text + " " + word
 
# remove Python , Matplotlib , Geeks Words from WordCloud .
wordcloud = WordCloud(width=480, height=480,
            stopwords=["Python", "Matplotlib","Geeks"]).generate(text)
 
# plot the WordCloud image
plt.figure()
plt.imshow(wordcloud, interpolation="bilinear")
plt.axis("off")
plt.margins(x=0, y=0)
plt.show()

Output: 
 

  
Code #3 : Change background
We can Change the color of the background of the wordcloud. For this purpose, use background_color keyword arguments of WordCloud() function.
 

Python3




# importing the necessary modules
from wordcloud import WordCloud
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import csv
 
# file object is created
file_ob = open(r"C:/Users/user/Documents/sample.csv")
 
# reader object is created
reader_ob = csv.reader(file_ob)
 
# contents of reader object is stored .
# data is stored in list of list format.
reader_contents = list(reader_ob)
 
# empty string is declare
text = ""
 
# iterating through list of rows
for row in reader_contents :
     
    # iterating through words in the row
    for word in row :
 
        # concatenate the words
        text = text + " " + word
 
wordcloud = WordCloud(width=480, height=480, background_color="pink").generate(text)
 
# plot the WordCloud image
plt.figure()
plt.imshow(wordcloud, interpolation="bilinear")
plt.axis("off")
plt.margins(x=0, y=0)
plt.show()

Output: 
 

output



  
Code #4 : Change color of words
We can change the color of words using colormap keyword arguments of WordCloud() function. 
 

Python3




# importing the necessary modules
from wordcloud import WordCloud
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import csv
 
# file object is created
file_ob = open(r"C:/Users/user/Documents/sample.csv")
 
# reader object is created
reader_ob = csv.reader(file_ob)
 
# contents of reader object is stored .
# data is stored in list of list format.
reader_contents = list(reader_ob)
 
# empty string is declare
text = ""
 
# iterating through list of rows
for row in reader_contents :
     
    # iterating through words in the row
    for word in row :
 
        # concatenate the words
        text = text + " " + word
 
wordcloud = WordCloud(width=480, height=480, colormap="Oranges_r").generate(text)
 
# plot the WordCloud image
plt.figure()
plt.imshow(wordcloud, interpolation="bilinear")
plt.axis("off")
plt.margins(x=0, y=0)
plt.show()

Output: 
 

Code #5 : Maximum and minimum font size 
We can control minimum and maximum font size of the wordcloud. For this purpose, use max_font_size, min_font_size keyword arguments of WordCloud() function . 
 

Python3




# importing the necessary modules
from wordcloud import WordCloud
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import csv
 
# file object is created
file_ob = open(r"C:/Users/user/Documents/sample.csv")
 
# reader object is created
reader_ob = csv.reader(file_ob)
 
# contents of reader object is stored .
# data is stored in list of list format.
reader_contents = list(reader_ob)
 
# empty string is declare
text = ""
 
# iterating through list of rows
for row in reader_contents :
     
    # iterating through words in the row
    for word in row :
 
        # concatenate the words
        text = text + " " + word
 
wordcloud = WordCloud(width=480, height=480, max_font_size=20, min_font_size=10).generate(text)
plt.figure()
plt.imshow(wordcloud, interpolation="bilinear")
plt.axis("off")
plt.margins(x=0, y=0)
plt.show()

Output: 
 

 


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