Generating OTP (One time Password) in PHP

Now these days, OTP (one time password) is mandatory in almost each and every service. A developer can generate OTP in many ways but the challenge is not to be predictive as any one can predict the OTP and can exploit the service.

Some of popular format of OTPs are:

  • 4 or 6 digit Numeric OTP.
  • 4 or 6 alphabetic (lowercase / uppercase) OTP.
  • 4 or 6 digit alphanumeric OTP.

Examples for n-digit numeric OTP:

Input : n = 4
Output : 8723

Input : n = 8
Output : 23914072

Note: The output of program will be different in every execution.

One of the best way to generate OTP is to use random function. But using random function directly can be dangerous. So here is an method which uses random function and some algorithm for generating the n-digit numeric OTP.

Program:

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<?php
  
// Function to generate OTP
function generateNumericOTP($n) {
      
    // Take a generator string which consist of
    // all numeric digits
    $generator = "1357902468";
  
    // Iterate for n-times and pick a single character
    // from generator and append it to $result
      
    // Login for generating a random character from generator
    //     ---generate a random number
    //     ---take modulus of same with length of generator (say i)
    //     ---append the character at place (i) from generator to result
  
    $result = "";
  
    for ($i = 1; $i <= $n; $i++) {
        $result .= substr($generator, (rand()%(strlen($generator))), 1);
    }
  
    // Return result
    return $result;
}
  
// Main program
$n = 6;
print_r(generateNumericOTP($n));
  
?>

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Output:

561862


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