Skip to content
Related Articles
Generate array having differences between count of occurrences of every array element on its left and right
• Last Updated : 24 Apr, 2021

Given an array A[] consisting of N integers, the task is to construct an array B[] such that for every ith index, B[i] = X – Y, where X and Y are the count of occurrences of A[i] after and before the ith index.

Examples:

Input: A[] = {3, 2, 1, 2, 3}
Output: 1 1 0 -1 -1
Explanation:
arr = 3, X = 1, Y = 0. Therefore, print 1.
arr = 2, X = 1, Y = 0. Therefore, print 1.
arr = 1, X = 0, Y = 0. Therefore, print 0.
arr = 2, X = 0, Y = 1. Therefore, print -1.
arr = 3, X = 0, Y = 1. Therefore, print -1.

Input: A[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
Output: 0 0 0 0 0

Naive Approach:
The simplest approach to solve the problem is to travere the array and consider every array element and compare it with all the elements on its left and right. For every array element, print the difference in its cunt of occurrences in its left and right.

Time Complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Efficient Approach: Follow the steps below to optimize the above approach:

1. Initialize two arrays left[] and right[] to store frequencies of array elements present on the left and right indices of every array element.
2. Compute the left and right cumulative frequency tables.
3. Print the difference of same indexed elements from the two frequency arrays.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program of the above approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to construct array of``// differences of counts on the left``// and right of the given array``void` `constructArray(``int` `A[], ``int` `N)``{``    ``// Initialize left and right``    ``// frequency arrays``    ``int` `left[N + 1] = { 0 };``    ``int` `right[N + 1] = { 0 };``    ``int` `X[N + 1] = { 0 }, Y[N + 1] = { 0 };` `    ``// Construct left cumulative``    ``// frequency table``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``        ``X[i] = left[A[i]];``        ``left[A[i]]++;``    ``}` `    ``// Construct right cumulative``    ``// frequency table``    ``for` `(``int` `i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--) {``        ``Y[i] = right[A[i]];``        ``right[A[i]]++;``    ``}` `    ``// Print the result``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``        ``cout << Y[i] - X[i] << ``" "``;``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `A[] = { 3, 2, 1, 2, 3 };``    ``int` `N = ``sizeof``(A) / ``sizeof``(A);` `    ``// Function Call``    ``constructArray(A, N);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program of the above approach``import` `java.io.*;` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to construct array of``// differences of counts on the left``// and right of the given array``static` `void` `constructArray(``int` `A[], ``int` `N)``{``    ` `    ``// Initialize left and right``    ``// frequency arrays``    ``int``[] left = ``new` `int``[N + ``1``];``    ``int``[] right = ``new` `int``[N + ``1``];``    ``int``[] X = ``new` `int``[N + ``1``];``    ``int``[] Y = ``new` `int``[N + ``1``];` `    ``// Construct left cumulative``    ``// frequency table``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``X[i] = left[A[i]];``        ``left[A[i]]++;``    ``}` `    ``// Construct right cumulative``    ``// frequency table``    ``for``(``int` `i = N - ``1``; i >= ``0``; i--)``    ``{``        ``Y[i] = right[A[i]];``        ``right[A[i]]++;``    ``}` `    ``// Print the result``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``System.out.print(Y[i] - X[i] + ``" "``);``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `A[] = { ``3``, ``2``, ``1``, ``2``, ``3` `};``    ``int` `N = A.length;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``constructArray(A, N);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by akhilsaini`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program of the above approach` `# Function to construct array of``# differences of counts on the left``# and right of the given array``def` `constructArray(A, N):``    ` `    ``# Initialize left and right``    ``# frequency arrays``    ``left ``=` `[``0``] ``*` `(N ``+` `1``)``    ``right ``=` `[``0``] ``*` `(N ``+` `1``)``    ``X ``=` `[``0``] ``*` `(N ``+` `1``)``    ``Y ``=` `[``0``] ``*` `(N ``+` `1``)` `    ``# Construct left cumulative``    ``# frequency table``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``, N):``        ``X[i] ``=` `left[A[i]]``        ``left[A[i]] ``+``=` `1` `    ``# Construct right cumulative``    ``# frequency table``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(N ``-` `1``, ``-``1``, ``-``1``):``        ``Y[i] ``=` `right[A[i]]``        ``right[A[i]] ``+``=` `1` `    ``# Print the result``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``, N):``        ``print``(Y[i] ``-` `X[i], end ``=` `" "``)` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:` `    ``A ``=` `[ ``3``, ``2``, ``1``, ``2``, ``3` `]``    ``N ``=` `len``(A)` `    ``# Function Call``    ``constructArray(A, N)` `# This code is contributed by akhilsaini`

## C#

 `// C# program of the above approach``using` `System;` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to construct array of``// differences of counts on the left``// and right of the given array``static` `void` `constructArray(``int``[] A, ``int` `N)``{``    ` `    ``// Initialize left and right``    ``// frequency arrays``    ``int``[] left = ``new` `int``[N + 1];``    ``int``[] right = ``new` `int``[N + 1];``    ``int``[] X = ``new` `int``[N + 1];``    ``int``[] Y = ``new` `int``[N + 1];` `    ``// Construct left cumulative``    ``// frequency table``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``X[i] = left[A[i]];``        ``left[A[i]]++;``    ``}` `    ``// Construct right cumulative``    ``// frequency table``    ``for``(``int` `i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--)``    ``{``        ``Y[i] = right[A[i]];``        ``right[A[i]]++;``    ``}` `    ``// Print the result``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``Console.Write(Y[i] - X[i] + ``" "``);``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main()``{``    ``int``[] A = { 3, 2, 1, 2, 3 };``    ``int` `N = A.Length;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``constructArray(A, N);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by akhilsaini`

## Javascript

 ``
Output:
`1 1 0 -1 -1`

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with industry experts, please refer DSA Live Classes

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up