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Generate a sequence such that float division of array elements is maximized
  • Last Updated : 25 Feb, 2021
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Given an array arr[] consisting of N integers, the task is to find the expression by using parenthesis ‘(‘ and ‘)’ and division operator ‘/’ to maximize the value of the expression of subsequent float division of array elements.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {1000, 100, 10, 2}
Output: “1000/(100/10/2)”
Explanation:
The value of the expression 1000/(100/10/2) can be calculated as 1000/((100/10)/2) = 200.

Input: arr[] = {2, 3, 4}
Output: “2/(3/4)”

Approach: The idea is based on the observation that for every division, the result is maximum only when the denominator is minimum. Therefore, the task reduces to place the parentheses and operators in such a way that the denominator is minimum. Consider the following example to solve the problem:



Consider an expression 1000 / 100 / 10 / 2.
To make its value maximum, denominator needs to be minimized. Therefore, the denominators need to be in the sequence 100, 10, 2.
Now, consider the following cases:

  • 100 / (10 / 2) = (100 × 2) / 10 = 20
  • (100 / 10) / 2 = 10 / 2 = 5

Therefore, the minimized value for the expression is obtained for the second case. Therefore, 1000 / (100 / 10 / 2) is the required sequence.

Therefore, from the above example, it can be concluded that the parenthesis needs to be placed to the sequence after the first integer that makes the whole sequence from the second integer reduced to the minimum value possible. 
Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize a string S as “”, to store the final expression.
  • If N is equal to 1, print the integer in string form.
  • Otherwise, append arr[0] and “/(“ in S, and then append all the remaining integers of arr[] separated by “/”.
  • At last, append “)” in the string S and print the string S as the result.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++14




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to place the parenthesis
// such that the result is maximized
void generateSequence(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Store the required string
    string ans;
 
    // Add the first integer to string
    ans = to_string(arr[0]);
 
    // If the size of array is 1
    if (n == 1)
        cout << ans;
 
    // If the size of array is 2, print
    // the 1st integer followed by / operator
    // followed by the next integer
    else if (n == 2) {
        cout << ans + "/"
             << to_string(arr[1]);
    }
 
    // If size of array is exceeds two,
    // print 1st integer concatenated
    // with operators '/', '(' and next
    // integers with the operator '/'
    else {
        ans += "/(" + to_string(arr[1]);
 
        for (int i = 2; i < n; i++) {
            ans += "/" + to_string(arr[i]);
        }
 
        // Add parenthesis at the end
        ans += ")";
 
        // Print the final expression
        cout << ans;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 1000, 100, 10, 2 };
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    generateSequence(arr, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.io.*;
class GFG
{
 
// Function to place the parenthesis
// such that the result is maximized
static void generateSequence(int arr[], int n)
{
   
    // Store the required string
    String ans;
 
    // Add the first integer to string
    ans = Integer.toString(arr[0]);
 
    // If the size of array is 1
    if (n == 1)
        System.out.println(ans);
 
    // If the size of array is 2, print
    // the 1st integer followed by / operator
    // followed by the next integer
    else if (n == 2) {
        System.out.println(ans + "/"
            + Integer.toString(arr[1]));
    }
 
    // If size of array is exceeds two,
    // print 1st integer concatenated
    // with operators '/', '(' and next
    // integers with the operator '/'
    else {
        ans += "/(" + Integer.toString(arr[1]);
 
        for (int i = 2; i < n; i++) {
            ans += "/" + Integer.toString(arr[i]);
        }
 
        // Add parenthesis at the end
        ans += ")";
 
        // Print the final expression
        System.out.println(ans);
    }
}
 
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int arr[] = { 1000, 100, 10, 2 };
    int N = arr.length;
    generateSequence(arr, N);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by code_hunt.

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to place the parenthesis
# such that the result is maximized
def generateSequence(arr, n):
     
    # Store the required string
    ans = ""
 
    # Add the first integer to string
    ans = str(arr[0])
 
    # If the size of array is 1
    if (n == 1):
        print(ans)
 
    # If the size of array is 2, print
    # the 1st integer followed by / operator
    # followed by the next integer
    elif (n == 2):
        print(ans + "/"+str(arr[1]))
     
    # If size of array is exceeds two,
    # pr1st integer concatenated
    # with operators '/', '(' and next
    # integers with the operator '/'
    else:
        ans += "/(" + str(arr[1])
 
        for i in range(2, n):
            ans += "/" + str(arr[i])
 
        # Add parenthesis at the end
        ans += ")"
 
        # Prthe final expression
        print(ans)
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    arr = [1000, 100, 10, 2]
    N = len(arr)
    generateSequence(arr, N)
 
    # This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29.

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
 
// Function to place the parenthesis
// such that the result is maximized
static void generateSequence(int []arr, int n)
{
   
    // Store the required string
    string ans="";
 
    // Add the first integer to string
    ans = arr[0].ToString();
 
    // If the size of array is 1
    if (n == 1)
        Console.WriteLine(ans);
 
    // If the size of array is 2, print
    // the 1st integer followed by / operator
    // followed by the next integer
    else if (n == 2) {
        Console.WriteLine(ans + "/"
            + arr[1].ToString());
    }
 
    // If size of array is exceeds two,
    // print 1st integer concatenated
    // with operators '/', '(' and next
    // integers with the operator '/'
    else {
        ans += "/(" + arr[1].ToString();
 
        for (int i = 2; i < n; i++) {
            ans += "/" + arr[i].ToString();
        }
 
        // Add parenthesis at the end
        ans += ")";
 
        // Print the final expression
        Console.WriteLine(ans);
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main(string[] args)
{
    int []arr = { 1000, 100, 10, 2 };
    int N = arr.Length;
    generateSequence(arr, N);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by chitranayal.
Output: 
1000/(100/10/2)

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

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