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Generate a Sequence by inserting positions into Array based on corresponding String value

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  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 24 Mar, 2022
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Given a string S of length N. The string consists only of letters ‘F’ and ‘B’. The task is to generate a sequence performing some operations such that:

  • Consider an integer sequence A that consists of only a 0, i.e. A = (0).
  • Now, for each index(i) of the string (1 to N), if S[i] is ‘F’ add i to the immediate front (i.e. left side) of i-1 in sequence A
  • Else if S[i] is ‘B’ add i to the immediate back (i.e. right side) of i-1 sequence A.
  • Print the resultant sequence A.

Examples :

Input: N = 5, S = “FBBFB”
Output: 1 2 4 5 3 0
Explanation: Initially, A = {0}.
S[1] is ‘F’ , sequence becomes {1, 0}
S[2] is ‘B’ , sequence becomes {1, 2, 0}
S[3] is ‘B’ , sequence becomes {1, 2, 3, 0}
S[4] is ‘F’ , sequence becomes {1, 2, 4, 3, 0}
S[5] is ‘B’ , sequence becomes {1, 2, 4, 5, 3, 0}

Input : N = 6 , S = “BBBBBB”
Output : 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

 

Approach: The idea to solve the problem is based on the concept dequeue. 

As at each iteration, it is possible that insertion of i may occur from any end of (i-1), therefore deque can be used as in dequeue insertion is possible from any end. 

Follow the steps for the solution:

  • The observation in the approach is that the problem becomes more simple after inverting all the operations.
  • The problem now modifies to, a given sequence that consists of only (N), and after each iteration from the end of the string,
    • If S[i] is ‘F’, push i to the right of i-1,
    • If S[i] is ‘B’, push i to the left of i-1 in the dequeue.
  • Return the elements of dequeue in the order from the front end.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

C++




// C++ program for above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find sequence
// from given string
// according to given rule
void findSequence(int N, string S)
{
 
    // Creating a deque
    deque<int> v;
 
    // Inserting N (size of string) into deque
    v.push_back(N);
 
    // Iterating string from behind and
    // pushing the indices into the deque
    for (int i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
 
        // If letter at current index is 'F',
        // push i to the right of i-1
        if (S[i] == 'F') {
            v.push_back(i);
        }
 
        // If letter at current index is 'B',
        // push i to the left of i-1
        else {
            v.push_front(i);
        }
    }
 
    // Printing resultant sequence
    for (int i = 0; i <= N; i++)
        cout << v[i] << " ";
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int N = 5;
    string S = "FBBFB";
 
    // Printing the sequence
    findSequence(N, S);
    return 0;
}

Java




// JAVA program for above approach
import java.util.*;
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find sequence
  // from given string
  // according to given rule
  public static void findSequence(int N, String S)
  {
 
    // Creating a deque
    Deque<Integer> v = new ArrayDeque<Integer>();
 
    // Inserting N (size of string) into deque
    v.addLast(N);
 
    // Iterating string from behind and
    // pushing the indices into the deque
    for (int i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
 
      // If letter at current index is 'F',
      // push i to the right of i-1
      if (S.charAt(i) == 'F') {
        v.addLast(i);
      }
 
      // If letter at current index is 'B',
      // push i to the left of i-1
      else {
        v.addFirst(i);
      }
    }
 
    // Printing resultant sequence
    for (Iterator itr = v.iterator(); itr.hasNext();) {
      System.out.print(itr.next() + " ");
    }
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    int N = 5;
    String S = "FBBFB";
 
    // Printing the sequence
    findSequence(N, S);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Taranpreet

Python3




# Python program for above approach
from collections import deque
 
# Function to find sequence
# from given string
# according to given rule
def findSequence(N, S):
 
    # Creating a deque
    v = deque()
 
    # Inserting N (size of string) into deque
    v.append(N)
 
    # Iterating string from behind and
    # pushing the indices into the deque
    i = N - 1
    while(i >= 0):
 
        # If letter at current index is 'F',
        # push i to the right of i-1
        if (S[i] == 'F'):
            v.append(i)
 
        # If letter at current index is 'B',
        # push i to the left of i-1
        else:
            v.appendleft(i)
 
        i -= 1
 
    # Printing resultant sequence
    print(*v)
 
# Driver Code
N = 5
S = "FBBFB"
 
# Printing the sequence
findSequence(N, S)
 
# This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.

C#




// C# program for above approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
public class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find sequence
  // from given string
  // according to given rule
  public static void findSequence(int N, String S)
  {
 
    // Creating a deque
    List<int> v = new List<int>();
 
    // Inserting N (size of string) into deque
    v.Add(N);
 
    // Iterating string from behind and
    // pushing the indices into the deque
    for (int i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
 
      // If letter at current index is 'F',
      // push i to the right of i-1
      if (S[i] == 'F') {
        v.Add(i);
      }
 
      // If letter at current index is 'B',
      // push i to the left of i-1
      else {
        v.Insert(0,i);
      }
    }
 
    // Printing resultant sequence
    foreach (int itr in v) {
      Console.Write(itr + " ");
    }
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void Main(String[] args)
  {
    int N = 5;
    String S = "FBBFB";
 
    // Printing the sequence
    findSequence(N, S);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

Javascript




<script>
    // JavaScript program for above approach
 
 
    // Function to find sequence
    // from given string
    // according to given rule
    const findSequence = (N, S) => {
 
        // Creating a deque
        let v = [];
 
        // Inserting N (size of string) into deque
        v.push(N);
 
        // Iterating string from behind and
        // pushing the indices into the deque
        for (let i = N - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
 
            // If letter at current index is 'F',
            // push i to the right of i-1
            if (S[i] == 'F') {
                v.push(i);
            }
 
            // If letter at current index is 'B',
            // push i to the left of i-1
            else {
                v.unshift(i);
            }
        }
 
        // Printing resultant sequence
        for (let i = 0; i <= N; i++)
            document.write(`${v[i]} `);
    }
 
    // Driver Code
 
    let N = 5;
    let S = "FBBFB";
 
    // Printing the sequence
    findSequence(N, S);
 
// This code is contributed by rakeshsahni
 
</script>

 
 

Output

1 2 4 5 3 0 

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

 


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