Open In App
Related Articles

GCD, LCM and Distributive Property

Improve
Improve
Improve
Like Article
Like
Save Article
Save
Report issue
Report

Given three integers x, y, z, the task is to compute the value of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
Where, GCD = Greatest Common Divisor, LCM = Least Common Multiple
Examples: 
 

Input: x = 15, y = 20, z = 100
Output: 60

Input: x = 30, y = 40, z = 400
Output: 120

One way to solve it is by finding GCD(x, y), and using it we find LCM(x, y). Similarly, we find LCM(x, z) and then we finally find the GCD of the obtained results.
An efficient approach can be done by the fact that the following version of distributivity holds true:
GCD(LCM (x, y), LCM (x, z)) = LCM(x, GCD(y, z))
For example, GCD(LCM(3, 4), LCM(3, 10)) = LCM(3, GCD(4, 10)) = LCM(3, 2) = 6 
This reduces our work to compute the given problem statement. 
 

C++

// C++ program to compute value of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Returns value of  GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
int findValue(int x, int y, int z)
{
    int g = __gcd(y, z);
 
    // Return LCM(x, GCD(y, z))
    return (x*g)/__gcd(x, g);
}
 
int main()
{
    int x = 30, y = 40, z = 400;
    cout << findValue(x, y, z);
    return 0;
}

                    

Java

// Java program to compute value
// of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
 
class GFG {
    // Recursive function to
    // return gcd of a and b
    static int __gcd(int a, int b)
    {
        // base case Everything divides 0
        if (b == 0)
            return a;
 
        return __gcd(b, a % b);
    }
 
    // Returns value of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
    static int findValue(int x, int y, int z)
    {
        int g = __gcd(y, z);
 
        // Return LCM(x, GCD(y, z))
        return (x * g) / __gcd(x, g);
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int x = 30, y = 40, z = 400;
        System.out.print(findValue(x, y, z));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.

                    

Python3

# Python program to compute
# value of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
 
# Recursive function to
# return gcd of a and b
 
 
def __gcd(a, b):
 
    # Everything divides 0
    if (b == 0):
        return a
 
    return __gcd(b, a % b)
 
# Returns value of
#  GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
 
def findValue(x, y, z):
 
    g = __gcd(y, z)
 
    # Return LCM(x, GCD(y, z))
    return (x*g)/__gcd(x, g)
 
 
# driver code
x = 30
y = 40
z = 400
print("%d" % findValue(x, y, z))
 
# This code is contributed
# by Anant Agarwal.

                    

C#

// C# program to compute value
// of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
using System;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Recursive function to
    // return gcd of a and b
    static int __gcd(int a, int b)
    {
        // base case Everything divides 0
        if (b == 0)
            return a;
 
        return __gcd(b, a % b);
    }
     
    // Returns value of GCD(LCM(x,y),
    // LCM(x,z))
    static int findValue(int x, int y, int z)
    {
        int g = __gcd(y, z);
     
        // Return LCM(x, GCD(y, z))
        return (x*g) / __gcd(x, g);
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void Main ()
    {
        int x = 30, y = 40, z = 400;
         
        Console.Write(findValue(x, y, z));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by
// Smitha Dinesh Semwal.

                    

PHP

<?php
// PHP program to compute value
// of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
 
// Recursive function to
// return gcd of a and b
function __gcd( $a, $b)
{
     
    // Everything divides 0
    if ($b == 0)
    return $a;
 
     
    return __gcd($b, $a % $b);
}
 
// Returns value of GCD(LCM(x,y),
// LCM(x,z))
function findValue($x, $y, $z)
{
    $g = __gcd($y, $z);
 
    // Return LCM(x, GCD(y, z))
    return ($x * $g)/__gcd($x, $g);
}
 
    // Driver Code
    $x = 30;
    $y = 40;
    $z = 400;
    echo findValue($x, $y, $z);
 
// This code is contributed by anuj_67.
?>

                    

Javascript

<script>
// JavaScript program to compute value of GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
function __gcd( a,  b)
    {
        // Everything divides 0
        if (b == 0)
            return a;
     
        return __gcd(b, a % b);
    }
// Returns value of  GCD(LCM(x,y), LCM(x,z))
function findValue(x, y, z)
{
    let g = __gcd(y, z);
 
    // Return LCM(x, GCD(y, z))
    return (x*g)/__gcd(x, g);
}
 
    let x = 30, y = 40, z = 400;
    document.write( findValue(x, y, z));
 
// This code contributed by gauravrajput1
 
</script>

                    

Output
120

Time Complexity: O(log(min(a,b))
Auxiliary Space: O(log(min(a,b))


As a side note, vice versa is also true, i.e., gcd(x, lcm(y, z)) = lcm(gcd(x, y), gcd(x, z)
Reference: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distributive_property#Other_examples


 



Last Updated : 14 Feb, 2023
Like Article
Save Article
Previous
Next
Share your thoughts in the comments
Similar Reads