A channel has a bit rate of 4 kbps and one-way propagation delay of 20 ms. The channel uses stop and wait protocol. The transmission time of the acknowledgement frame is negligible. To get a channel efficiency of at least 50%, the minimum frame size should be
(A) 80 bytes
(B) 80 bits
(C) 160 bytes
(D) 160 bits
Bit rate = 4 kbps
One-way propagation delay = 20 ms
Efficiency = Transmission time of packet/(Transmission time of packet + 2 * Propagation delay)
0.5 = x/(x + 2 * 20 * 10-3)
x = 20 * 10-3
x = 40 * 10-3
Minimum frame size / Bit rate = 40 * 10-3
Therefore, Minimum frame size = 40 * 10-3 * 4 * 103 = 160 bits
Thus, option (D) is correct.
Please comment below if you find anything wrong in the above post.