The read access times and the hit ratios for different caches in a memory hierarchy are as given below:
The read access time of main memory in 90 nanoseconds. Assume that the caches use the referred-word-first read policy and the writeback policy. Assume that all the caches are direct mapped caches. Assume that the dirty bit is always 0 for all the blocks in the caches. In execution of a program, 60% of memory reads are for instruction fetch and 40% are for memory operand fetch. What is total value of average data fetch time multiplied by average instruction fetch time?
Explanation: Since, L2 cache is shared between Instruction and Data.
Average Instruction fetch Time = L1 access time + L1 miss rate * L2 access time + L1 miss rate * L2 miss rate * Memory access time
= 2 + 0.2 * 8 + 0.2 * 0.1 * 90
= 5.4 ns
Average Data fetch Time = L1 access time + L1 miss rate * L2 access time + L1 miss rate * L2 miss rate * Memory access time
= 2 + 0.1 * 8 + 0.1 * 0.1 * 90
= 3.7 ns
Therefore, required total value of average data fetch time multiplied by average instruction fetch time = 5.4*3.7 = 19.98
Option (D) is correct.
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