Which one of the following is True at any valid state in shift-reduce parsing?
(A) Viable prefixes appear only at the bottom of the stack and not inside
(B) Viable prefixes appear only at the top of the stack and not inside
(C) The stack contains only a set of viable prefixes
(D) The stack never contains viable prefixes
Explanation: The prefixes of right sentential forms that can appear on the stack of a shift-reduce parser are called viable prefixes.
By definition, a viable prefix is a prefix of a right sentential form that does not continue past the right end of the rightmost handle of that sentential form.
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