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GATE | GATE-CS-2014-(Set-3) | Question 38

  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021

An IP router with a Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) of 1500 bytes has received an IP packet of size 4404 bytes with an IP header of length 20 bytes. The values of the relevant fields in the header of the third IP fragment generated by the router for this packet are

(A) MF bit: 0, Datagram Length: 1444; Offset: 370
(B) MF bit: 1, Datagram Length: 1424; Offset: 185
(C) MF bit: 1, Datagram Length: 1500; Offset: 37
(D) MF bit: 0, Datagram Length: 1424; Offset: 2960

Answer: (A)


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Number of packet fragments = ⌈ (total size of packet)/(MTU) ⌉
                           = ⌈ 4404/1500 ⌉
                           = ⌈ 2.936 ⌉ 
                           = 3

So Datagram with data 4404 byte fragmented into 3 fragments. 

The first frame carries bytes 0 to 1479 (because MTU is 1500 bytes and HLEN is 20 byte so the total bytes in fragments is maximum 1500-20=1480). the offset for this datagram is 0/8 = 0.

The second fragment carries byte 1480 to 2959. The offset for this datagram is 1480/8 = 185.finally the third fragment carries byte 2960 to 4404.the offset is 370.and for all fragments except last one the M bit is in the third bit M is 0..

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