GATE | GATE-CS-2014-(Set-1) | Question 65

Given the following schema:

     employees(emp-id, first-name, last-name, hire-date, dept-id, salary)
     departments(dept-id, dept-name, manager-id, location-id) 

You want to display the last names and hire dates of all latest hires in their respective departments in the location ID 1700. You issue the following query:

SQL> SELECT last-name, hire-date
     FROM employees
     WHERE (dept-id, hire-date) IN
     (SELECT dept-id, MAX(hire-date)
     FROM employees JOIN departments USING(dept-id)
     WHERE location-id = 1700
     GROUP BY dept-id); 

What is the outcome?
(A) It executes but does not give the correct result.
(B) It executes and gives the correct result.
(C) It generates an error because of pairwise comparison.
(D) It generates an error because the GROUP BY clause cannot be used with table joins in a subquery


Answer: (B)

Explanation: The given query uses below inner query.

SELECT dept-id, MAX(hire-date)
     FROM employees JOIN departments USING(dept-id)
     WHERE location-id = 1700
     GROUP BY dept-id

The inner query produces last max hire-date in every department located at location id 1700.

The outer query simply picks all pairs of inner query. Therefore, the query produces correct result.

SELECT last-name, hire-date
     FROM employees
     WHERE (dept-id, hire-date) IN
     (Inner-Query); 


Quiz of this Question

GATE CS Corner    Company Wise Coding Practice

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