GATE | GATE CS 2013 | Question 14

Assume that source S and destination D are connected through two intermediate routers labeled R. Determine how many times each packet has to visit the network layer and the data link layer during a transmission from S to D.

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(A) Network layer – 4 times and Data link layer – 4 times
(B) Network layer – 4 times and Data link layer – 3 times
(C) Network layer – 4 times and Data link layer – 6 times
(D) Network layer – 2 times and Data link layer – 6 times


Answer: (C)

Explanation: Router is a network layer device. See the following diagram :
Figure6_1

So every packet passes twice through data link layer of every intermediate router.

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