Initialization of data members

In C++, class variables are initialized in the same order as they appear in the class declaration.

Consider the below code.

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#include<iostream>
  
using namespace std;
  
class Test {
  private:    
    int y;
    int x;    
  public:
    Test() : x(10), y(x + 10) {}
    void print();
};
  
void Test::print()
   cout<<"x = "<<x<<" y = "<<y; 
}
  
int main()
{
    Test t;
    t.print();
    getchar();
    return 0;    
}

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The program prints correct value of x, but some garbage value for y, because y is initialized before x as it appears before in the class declaration.

So one of the following two versions can be used to avoid the problem in above code.

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// First: Change the order of declaration.
class Test {
  private:    
    int x;    
    int y;
  public:
    Test() : x(10), y(x + 10) {}
    void print();
};

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// Second: Change the order of initialization.
class Test {
  private:    
    int y;
    int x;    
  public:
    Test() : x(y-10), y(20) {}
    void print();
};

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