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Full Adder using Verilog HDL

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 13 Sep, 2021
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In this article, we will discuss the overview part of Full Adder using Verilog HDL. And the objective to understand the concept and will implement using Verilog HDL code for Full Adder. Let’s discuss it one by one.

Prerequisite Full Adder in Digital Logic

Problem Statement : 
Write a Verilog HDL to design a Full Adder. Let’s discuss it step by step as follows.

Step-1 :
Concept –  
Full Adder is a digital combinational Circuit which is having three input a, b and cin and two output sum and cout. Below Truth Table is drawn to show the functionality of the Full Adder.

Figure shows the block diagram of design requirements : Full Adder

Step-2 :
Truth Table –


Step-3 :
Verilog HDL code for Full Adder (Design Part) –

// Code your design : Full Adder
module full_add(a,b,cin,sum,cout);
  input a,b,cin;
  output sum,cout;
  wire x,y,z;
// instantiate building blocks of full adder 
  half_add h1(.a(a),.b(b),.s(x),.c(y));
  half_add h2(.a(x),.b(cin),.s(sum),.c(z));
  or o1(cout,y,z);
endmodule : full_add

// code your half adder design             
module half_add(a,b,s,c); 
  input a,b;
  output s,c;
// gate level design of half adder  
  xor x1(s,a,b);
  and a1(c,a,b);
endmodule :half_add

Step-4 :
Test bench –

// Code your testbench here
module full_add_tb;
  reg a,b,cin;
  wire sum,cout;
// instantiate the DUT block  
  full_add f1(.a(a),.b(b),.cin(cin),.sum(sum),.cout(cout));
// this particular line is added to dump the file on online simulator
  initial begin $dumpfile("full_tb.vcd");$dumpvars(); end

// insert all the inputs 
  initial begin a=1'b1;  #4; a=1'b0;#10 $stop();end
  initial begin b=1'b1; forever #2 b=~b;end
  initial begin cin=1'b1;forever #1 cin=~cin; #10 $stop();end

// monitor all the input and output ports at times 
// when any of the input changes its state

 initial begin $monitor(" time=%0d A=%b B=%b 
                          Cin=%b Sum=%b Cout=%b",$time,a,b,cin,sum,cout);end
 endmodule : full_add_tb

Step-5 :
Expected Output –

time=0 A=1 B=1 Cin=1 Sum=1 Cout=1
time=1 A=1 B=1 Cin=0 Sum=0 Cout=1
time=2 A=1 B=0 Cin=1 Sum=0 Cout=1
time=3 A=1 B=0 Cin=0 Sum=1 Cout=0
time=4 A=0 B=1 Cin=1 Sum=0 Cout=1
time=5 A=0 B=1 Cin=0 Sum=1 Cout=0
time=6 A=0 B=0 Cin=1 Sum=1 Cout=0
time=7 A=0 B=0 Cin=0 Sum=0 Cout=0
time=8 A=0 B=1 Cin=1 Sum=0 Cout=1
time=9 A=0 B=1 Cin=0 Sum=1 Cout=0
time=10 A=0 B=0 Cin=1 Sum=1 Cout=0
time=11 A=0 B=0 Cin=0 Sum=0 Cout=0
time=12 A=0 B=1 Cin=1 Sum=0 Cout=1
time=13 A=0 B=1 Cin=0 Sum=1 Cout=0
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