frexp() in C++

The frexp() function breaks the floating point number x into its binary significand i., e., floating point with an absolute value between [0.5, 1.0) and an integral exponent for 2.

x = significand * (2^exponent).

It used to :

1. It is used to find significand which is always between 0.5 and 1.0
2. It is used to find exponent which is power of 2.

Syntax:

double frexp (double x);
float frexp (float x);
long double frexp (long double x);

Parameter:

• The frexp() function takes a single argument.
• Return:

• The frexp() function returns the binary significand whose absolute value lies in the interval [0.5, 1).
• If x is zero, both significand and exponent are zero.

Error and Exception:

1. It is mandatory to give both the arguments otherwise it will give error no matching function for call to ‘frexp()’.
2. If we pass a string as an argument we will get an error no matching function for call to ‘frexp(const char [n]).
• If x=0 then significand is zero and exponent is zero
• x >= 1 then significand is positive number and exponent is positive number
• x <= -1 then significand is negative number and exponent is positive number
• -1 < x < 0 then significand is negative number and exponent is negative number
• 0 < x < 1 then significand is positive number and exponent is negative number

# CODE 1

 // CPP implementation of  // above function #include #include    using namespace std;    // Driver program int main() {     double x = 5.35, significand;     int exponent;     significand = frexp(x, &exponent);     cout << x << " = " << significand           << " * 2^" << exponent << endl;        return 0; }

Output:

5.35 = 0.66875 * 2^3

# CODE 2

 // CPP implementation of the  // above function #include #include    using namespace std;    // Driver program int main() {     double significand;     int exponent, x = 5;     significand = frexp(x, &exponent);     cout << x << " = " << significand           << " * 2^" << exponent << endl;        return 0; }

Output:

5 = 0.625 * 2^3

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