Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Flora and Fauna of India

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2022

Individuals today have changed the forests and wildlife into resources. Earth is home to many residing creatures. From miniature organic entities and microorganisms, lichens to banyan trees, elephants, and blue whales, there is a huge number of living organic entities found on the earth. They get various items straightforwardly and by implication from the backwoods and untamed life-like wood, barks, leaves, elastic, meds, colors, food, fuel, etc.

Flora and Fauna in India

The flora and fauna in India are different from a collection of plants and animals. The famous fauna of India incorporates 500 distinct collections of well-evolved mammals, 2000 types of birds, 30.000 sorts of bugs, and a few collections of fish, creatures of land and water, and reptiles. 

  • India is, as a matter of fact, one of the world’s most extravagant nations in the wording of its huge swath of organic variety. This is conceivably two times or threefold the number yet to be found.
  • A few evaluations propose that at any rate 10% of India’s recorded wild verdure also, 20% of its vertebrates are on the compromised list. Large numbers of these would presently be classified as ‘basic’. 
  • That is on the edge of elimination like the cheetah, pink-headed duck, mountain quail, and timberland spotted. 
  • Nobody can say the number of, truth be told species that might have previously been lost. 

Vanishing Forest

  • The forests and tree cover in the Indian nation are assessed at 807276 sq. km which is 24.56 percent of the complete topographical region(thick timberland 12.4 percent; open forest 9.26 percent; and mangrove 0.15 percent).
  • As per the State of Forest Report (2019), the thick forest cover has expanded by 3,976 sq. km starting around 2017.

Categories of existing plants and animal species 

The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources has classified six existing species, they are following:

  • Extinct Species: These are species that are not found after searches of known or possible regions where they might happen. Animal categories might be terminated from a neighborhood, nation, mainland, or the whole earth. Examples of such species are the Asiatic cheetah and pink head duck.
  • Rare Species: Species with little populace might move into the imperiled or on the other hand weak class if the negative variables influence them to keep on working. Examples of such species are the Himalayan earthy colored bear, wild Asiatic bison, desert fox furthermore, hornbill, and so forth.
  • Normal Species: The populace level of species viewed as typical for their endurance, like dairy cattle, sal, pine, rodents, and so forth.
  • Endemic Species: These are species that are just found in a few specific regions typically secluded by normal or geological boundaries.  Examples of such species are the Nicobar pigeon, Andaman wild pig, and Mithun in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Vulnerable Species: The species which are most susceptible to being endangered in near future are known as vulnerable species. Examples are one-horned Rhino, blackbuck, and so forth.
  • Endangered Species: These are species that are at risk of annihilation. The endurance of such species is troublesome if the negative factors that have prompted a downfall in their populace keep on working. Examples of such species are a dark buck, crocodile, Indian wild ass, Indian rhino, lion followed macaque, sangria, and so forth.

Factors Responsible for Depletion

There are various factors that have prompted the depletion of flora and fauna. Are shifting cultivation, mining activities, large scale development projects, and overpopulation, are the main cause and many more are explained below

  • Unnecessary utilization of regular assets for satisfying human necessities like wood, barks, leaves, elastic, meds, colors, food, fuel, grub, fertilizer, and so forth.
  • The forest ecosystem is vaults of a portion of the country’s most important timberland items, minerals, and different assets that satisfy the needs of the quickly growing modern metropolitan economy. 
  • Mining is another important  factor behind deforestation. It has  upset the regular environment of numerous species and impeded the relocation course of several  others, including the incomparable Indian elephant.

Reasons for decline in Indian Biodiversity

There are different reasons for decline in India’s biodiversity are, Hunting, Forest fires, Poisoning, Environmental pollution, over exploration etc. these are the main reasons for the decline in India’s biodiversity.

  • Hunting is broad administrator of loss of biodiversity. Hunting exercises apply an extensive weight on natural life, inciting massive slump of natural life and prompting upset and wasteful biological systems.
  • Air contaminations like ash, residue, alkali, or carbon dioxide can straightforwardly and in a roundabout way impact biodiversity.
  • Environmental change, close to different parts, for example, living space misfortune, land debasement, hunting, overexploitation of specific species and so forth, is turning up as a high danger to biodiversity.

Sample Questions

Question 1: Explain about flora and fauna in India? 

Answer:

The flora and fauna in India are different with an collection of plants and animals. The famous fauna of India incorporates 500 distinct collection of well evolved mammals, 2000 types of birds, 30.000 sorts of bugs and a few  of fish, creatures of land and water and reptiles. 

India is, as a matter of fact one of the world’s most extravagant nations in wording of its huge swath of organic variety. This is conceivably two times or threefold the number yet to be found. A few evaluations propose that at any rate 10% of India’s recorded wild verdure also, 20% of its vertebrates are on the compromised list. Large numbers of these would presently be classified as ‘basic’. 

Question 2: Explain the factors that depletion of flora and fauna? 

Answer:

There are different factors that cause depletion of Flora and Fauna are:

  • The forest ecosystem  are vaults of a portion of the country’s most important timberland items, minerals and different assets that satisfy the needs of the quickly growing modern metropolitan economy. 
  •  Unnecessary utilization of regular assets for satisfying human necessities like wood, barks, leaves, elastic, meds, colors, food, fuel, grub, fertilizer, and so forth. And there are many more like over population, mining activities etc. 

Question 3: What is biodiversity and explain the reasons for the decline in India’s biodiversity? 

Answer:

Biodiversity is the variety of natural life and developed species in a given environment. In this interconnected web, every living being is a maker, customer or decomposer. Different life forms, including people, depend for their reality on such jobs.

There are different reasons for decline in India’s biodiversity are, Hunting, Forest fires, Poisoning, Environmental pollution, over exploration etc. these are the main reasons for the decline in India’s biodiversity. 

Question 4: How many existing species and explain any one of them? 

Answer:  

There are six categories of existing species and they are explained below 

  1. Extinct species
  2. Rare species
  3. Normal species
  4. Endemic species
  5. Vulnerable species
  6. Endangered species

Rare Species: Species with little populace might move into the imperiled or on the other hand weak class if the negative variables influencing them keep on working.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!