Flip-flop types, their Conversion and Applications

Flip-flop is a circuit that maintains a state until directed by input to change the state. A basic flip-flop can be constructed using four-NAND or four-NOR gates.
Types of flip-flops:

  1. RS Flip Flop
  2. JK Flip Flop
  3. D Flip Flop
  4. T Flip Flop

Logic diagrams and truth tables of the different types of flip-flops are as follows:

S-R Flip Flop :

SR_flip



J-K Flip Flop:

JK_flip

D Flip Flop :

D- logic diag
D flip flop

T Flip Flop :

T- logic diag
T flip flop

Conversion for FlipFlops :-

EXCITATION TABLE:

flip_1


Steps To Convert from One FlipFlop to Other :

Let there be required flipflop to be constructed using sub-flipflop:

  1. Draw the truth table of required flipflop.
  2. Write the corresponding outputs of sub-flipflop to be used from the excitation table.
  3. Draw K-Maps using required flipflop inputs and obtain excitation functions for sub-flipflop inputs.
  4. Construct logic diagram according to the functions obtained.

i) Convert SR To JK FlipFlop

flip_2



Excitation Functions:
flip_3


ii) Convert SR To D FlipFlop:

flip_4

Excitation Functions:
S = D
R = D
flip_5

flip_6


Applications of Flip-Flops
These are the various types of flip-flops being used in digital electronic circuits and the applications of Flip-flops are as specified below.

  • Counters
  • Frequency Dividers
  • Shift Registers
  • Storage Registers
  • Bounce elimination switch
  • Data storage
  • Data transfer
  • Latch
  • Registers
  • Memory

This article is contributed by Kriti Kushwaha .

Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above

GeeksforGeeks has prepared a complete interview preparation course with premium videos, theory, practice problems, TA support and many more features. Please refer Placement 100 for details

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Improved By : VishalPal, krishna_6431

Article Tags :

14


Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content.