Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

First substring whose reverse is a word in the string

  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 03 Jun, 2021

Given a space-separated string str, the task is to find the first substring whose reverse is a word in the string. All the characters of the string are lowercase English alphabet. The string ends with #. If no such substring is present, return -1

Examples: 

Input: str = “mango is sweet when nam en tastes it#” 
Output: man 
Explanation: Substring “man” is reversed to “nam” and it is a word in the given string

Input: str = “hello world#” 
Output: -1

Approach:

  1. Store all the words of the string on a map.
  2. Find all the substrings of the string.
  3. For each substring, check whether the reverse of the substring is a word of the string. If no such substring exists, print -1.

Below is the implementation of the above approach. 

C++




// C++ program to find first substring
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find first substring
string first_substring(string s)
{
    int n = s.length(), c = 0;
    string s1, s2;
    map<string, int> mpp;
 
    // Storing the words present in string
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        if (s[i] == ' ' || s[i] == '#') {
            s1 = s.substr(c, i - c);
            mpp[s1] = 1;
            c = i + 1;
        }
    }
 
    // Calculating for all
    // possible valid substring.
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        if (s[i] == ' ') {
            continue;
        }
        for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
            if (s[j] == ' ') {
                break;
            }
            s1 = s.substr(i, j - i + 1);
            s2 = s1;
            reverse(s1.begin(), s1.end());
            if (mpp[s1]) {
                return s2;
            }
        }
    }
    return "-1";
}
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string s, s1;
    s = "mango is sweet when nam en tastes it#";
    s1 = first_substring(s);
    cout << s1 << "\n";
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find first subString
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
 
// Function to find first subString
static String first_subString(String s)
{
    int n = s.length(), c = 0;
    String s1, s2;
    HashMap<String, Integer> mpp =
        new HashMap<String, Integer>();
 
    // Storing the words present in String
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        if (s.charAt(i) == ' ' || s.charAt(i) == '#')
        {
            s1 = s.substring(c, i);
            mpp.put(s1, 1);
            c = i + 1;
        }
    }
 
    // Calculating for all
    // possible valid subString.
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        if (s.charAt(i) == ' ')
        {
            continue;
        }
        for (int j = 0; j < n; j++)
        {
            if (s.charAt(i) == ' ')
            {
                break;
            }
            s1 = s.substring(i, j - i + 1);
            s2 = s1;
            s1 = reverse(s1);
            if (mpp.containsKey(s1))
            {
                return s2;
            }
        }
    }
    return "-1";
}
static String reverse(String input)
{
    char[] a = input.toCharArray();
    int l, r = a.length - 1;
    for (l = 0; l < r; l++, r--)
    {
        char temp = a[l];
        a[l] = a[r];
        a[r] = temp;
    }
    return String.valueOf(a);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String s, s1;
    s = "mango is sweet when nam en tastes it#";
    s1 = first_subString(s);
    System.out.print(s1+ "\n");
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

Python3




# Python3 program to find first substring
 
# Function to find first substring
def first_substring(s) :
 
    n = len(s); c = 0;
    mpp = {};
 
    # Storing the words present in string
    for i in range(n) :
        if (s[i] == ' ' or s[i] == '#') :
            s1 = s[c: i];
            mpp[s1] = 1;
            c = i + 1;
 
    # Calculating for all
    # possible valid substring.
    for i in range(n) :
        if (s[i] == ' ') :
            continue;
         
        for j in range(n) :
            if (s[j] == ' ') :
                break;
             
            s1 = s[i : j + 1];
            s2 = s1;
            s1 = s1[::-1];
             
            if s1 in mpp :
                if mpp[s1] :
                    return s2;
     
    return "-1";
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__" :
 
    s = "mango is sweet when nam en tastes it#";
    s1 = first_substring(s);
    print(s1);
 
# This code is contributed by AnkitRai01

C#




// C# program to find first subString
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG
{
 
// Function to find first subString
static String first_subString(String s)
{
    int n = s.Length, c = 0;
    String s1, s2;
    Dictionary<String, int> mpp =
        new Dictionary<String, int>();
 
    // Storing the words present in String
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        if (s[i] == ' ' || s[i] == '#')
        {
            s1 = s.Substring(c, i - c);
            mpp.Add(s1, 1);
            c = i + 1;
        }
    }
 
    // Calculating for all
    // possible valid subString.
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        if (s[i] == ' ')
        {
            continue;
        }
        for (int j = 0; j < n; j++)
        {
            if (s[i] == ' ')
            {
                break;
            }
            s1 = s.Substring(i, j - i + 1);
            s2 = s1;
            s1 = reverse(s1);
            if (mpp.ContainsKey(s1))
            {
                return s2;
            }
        }
    }
    return "-1";
}
static String reverse(String input)
{
    char[] a = input.ToCharArray();
    int l, r = a.Length - 1;
    for (l = 0; l < r; l++, r--)
    {
        char temp = a[l];
        a[l] = a[r];
        a[r] = temp;
    }
    return String.Join("", a);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    String s, s1;
    s = "mango is sweet when nam en tastes it#";
    s1 = first_subString(s);
    Console.Write(s1 + "\n");
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

Javascript




<script>
  
// Javascript program to find first substring
 
// Function to find first substring
function first_substring(s)
{
    var n = s.length, c = 0;
    var s1, s2;
    var mpp = new Map();
 
    // Storing the words present in string
    for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        if (s[i] == ' ' || s[i] == '#') {
            s1 = s.substring(c, i);
            mpp.set(s1, 1);
            c = i + 1;
        }
    }
 
    // Calculating for all
    // possible valid substring.
    for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        if (s[i] == ' ') {
            continue;
        }
        for (var j = 0; j < n; j++) {
            if (s[j] == ' ') {
                break;
            }
            s1 = s.substring(i, j + 1);
            s2 = s1;
            s1 = s1.split('').reverse().join('');
 
            if (mpp.has(s1)) {
                return s2;
            }
        }
    }
    return "-1";
}
// Driver code
var s, s1;
s = "mango is sweet when nam en tastes it#";
s1 = first_substring(s);
document.write( s1 );
 
 
</script>
Output: 
man

 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!