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find_elements_by_css_selector() driver method – Selenium Python

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  • Last Updated : 14 Apr, 2020
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Selenium’s Python Module is built to perform automated testing with Python. Selenium Python bindings provides a simple API to write functional/acceptance tests using Selenium WebDriver. After you have installed selenium and checked out – Navigating links using get method, you might want to play more with Selenium Python. After one has opened a page using selenium such as geeksforgeeks, one might want to click some buttons automatically or fill a form automatically or any such automated task.

This article revolves around how to grab or locate elements in a webpage using locating strategies of Selenium Web Driver. More specifically, find_elements_by_css_selector() is discussed in this article. This method returns a list with type of elements specified.
To grab a single first element, checkout – find_element_by_css_selector() driver method – Selenium Python

Syntax –

driver.find_elements_by_css_selector("css selector")

Example –
For instance, consider this page source:




<html>
 <body>
  <form id="loginForm">
   <input name="1" type="text" />
   <input name="1" type="password" />
   <input name="1" type="submit" value="Login" />
  </form>
 </body>
<html>

Now after you have created a driver, you can grab an element using –

login_form = driver.find_elements_by_css_selector('#loginForm')

How to use driver.find_elements_by_css_selector() method in Selenium?

Let’s try to practically implement this method and get a element instance for “https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/”. Let’s try to grab search form input using its class name “gsc-input”.
Create a file called run.py to demonstrate find_elements_by_css_selector method –




# Python program to demonstrate
# selenium
  
# import webdriver
from selenium import webdriver
  
# create webdriver object
driver = webdriver.Firefox()
  
# enter keyword to search
keyword = "geeksforgeeks"
  
# get geeksforgeeks.org
  
# get elements
elements = driver.find_elements_by_css_selector(".gsc-input")
  
# print complete elements list
print(element)

Now run using –

Python run.py

First, it will open firefox window with geeksforgeeks, and then select the element and print it on terminal as show below.
Browser Output –
find_element-driver-method-Selenium-Python
Terminal Output –
elements-list-driver-methods-Selenium-Python


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