Given a linked list. We need to find unique elements in the linked list i.e, those elements which are not repeated in the linked list or those elements whose frequency is 1. If No such elements are present in list so Print ” No Unique Elements”.

Examples:

Input : 1 -> 4 -> 4 -> 2 -> 3 -> 5 -> 3 -> 4 -> 5 Output :1 2 Input :4 -> 5 -> 2 -> 5 -> 1 -> 4 -> 1 -> 2 Output :No Unique Elements

** Method 1 (Using Two Loops) ** This is the simple way where two loops are used. Outer loop is used to pick the elements one by one and inner loop compares the picked element with rest of the elements. If Element is not equal to other elements than Print that Element. Time Complexity : O(N * n)

** Method 2 (Sorting) : ** Sort the elements using Merge Sort. O(n Log n). Now Traverse List in linear time and check if current element is not equal to previous element then Print O(N)

Please note that this method doesn’t preserve the original order of elements.

Time Complexity: O(NLogN)

**Method 3 (Hashing)**

We use the concept of Hash table Here, We traverse the link list from head to end. For every newly encountered element, we put it in the hash table after that we again traverse list and Print those elements whose frequency is 1.Time Complexity : O(N)

Below is the Implementation of this

`// C++ Program to Find the Unique elements in ` `// linked lists ` `#include <bits/stdc++.h> ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` ` `/* Linked list node */` `struct` `Node { ` ` ` `int` `data; ` ` ` `struct` `Node* next; ` `}; ` ` ` `/* Function to insert a node at the beginning of ` ` ` `the linked list */` `void` `push(` `struct` `Node** head_ref, ` `int` `new_data) ` `{ ` ` ` `struct` `Node* new_node = ` `new` `Node; ` ` ` `new_node->data = new_data; ` ` ` `new_node->next = *head_ref; ` ` ` `*head_ref = new_node; ` `} ` ` ` `// function to Find the unique elements in linked lists ` `void` `uniqueElements(` `struct` `Node* head) ` `{ ` ` ` `// Initialize hash array that store the ` ` ` `// frequency of each element of list ` ` ` `unordered_map<` `int` `, ` `int` `> hash; ` ` ` ` ` `for` `(Node *temp=head; temp!=NULL; temp=temp->next) ` ` ` `hash[temp->data]++; ` ` ` ` ` `int` `count = 0; ` ` ` `for` `(Node *temp=head; temp!=NULL; temp=temp->next) { ` ` ` ` ` `// Check whether the frequency of current ` ` ` `// element is 1 or not ` ` ` `if` `(hash[temp->data] == 1) { ` ` ` `cout << temp->data << ` `" "` `; ` ` ` `count++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// If No unique element in list ` ` ` `if` `(count == 0) ` ` ` `cout << ` `" No Unique Elements "` `; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver program to test above ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` ` ` `struct` `Node* head = NULL; ` ` ` ` ` `// creating linked list ` ` ` `push(&head, 5); ` ` ` `push(&head, 4); ` ` ` `push(&head, 3); ` ` ` `push(&head, 5); ` ` ` `push(&head, 3); ` ` ` `push(&head, 2); ` ` ` `push(&head, 4); ` ` ` `push(&head, 4); ` ` ` `push(&head, 1); ` ` ` `uniqueElements(head); ` ` ` `return` `0; ` `} ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

**Output:**

1 2

Time Complexity : O(N)

Auxiliary Space : O(N)

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