Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Find the values of X and Y in the Given Equations
  • Last Updated : 15 Apr, 2021

Given two numbers A  and B  . Find the values of X and Y in the equations. 
 

  1. A = X + Y
  2. B = X xor Y

The task is to make X as minimum as possible. If it is not possible to find any valid values for X and Y then print -1.
Examples: 
 

Input : A = 12, B = 8
Output : X = 2, Y = 10

Input : A = 12, B = 9
Output : -1

 

Let’s take a look at some bit in X, which is equal to 1. If the respective bit in Y is equal to 0, then one can swap these two bits, thus reducing X and increasing Y without changing their sum and xor. We can conclude that if some bit in X is equal to 1 then the respective bit in Y is also equal to 1. Thus, Y = X + B. Taking into account that X + Y = X + X + B = A, one can obtain the following formulas for finding X and Y:
 

  • X = (A – B) / 2
  • Y = X + B = (A + B) / 2

One should also notice that if A < B or A and B have different parity, then the answer doesn’t exist and output is -1. If X and (A – X) not equal to X then the answer is also -1.
Below is the implementation of the above approach :
 

C++




// CPP program to find the values of
// X and Y using the given equations
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the
// values of X and Y
void findValues(int a, int b)
{
    // base condition
    if ((a - b) % 2 == 1) {
        cout << "-1";
        return;
    }
 
    // required answer
    cout << (a - b) / 2 << " " << (a + b) / 2;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int a = 12, b = 8;
 
    findValues(a, b);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find the values of
// X and Y using the given equations
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG
{
     
// Function to find the
// values of X and Y
static void findValues(int a, int b)
{
    // base condition
    if ((a - b) % 2 == 1)
    {
            System.out.println ("-1");
        return;
    }
 
    // required answer
    System.out.println (((a - b) / 2)+ " " +
                            ((a + b) / 2));
}
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        int a = 12, b = 8;
        findValues(a, b);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by ajit...

Python3




# Python3 program to find the values of
# X and Y using the given equations
 
# Function to find the values of X and Y
def findValues(a, b):
 
    # base condition
    if ((a - b) % 2 == 1):
        print("-1");
        return;
 
    # required answer
    print((a - b) // 2, (a + b) // 2);
 
# Driver Code
a = 12; b = 8;
 
findValues(a, b);
 
# This code is contributed
# by Akanksha Rai

C#




// C# program to find the values of
// X and Y using the given equations
using System;
 
class GFG
{
         
// Function to find the
// values of X and Y
static void findValues(int a, int b)
{
    // base condition
    if ((a - b) % 2 == 1)
    {
            Console.Write ("-1");
        return;
    }
 
    // required answer
    Console.WriteLine(((a - b) / 2)+ " " +
                        ((a + b) / 2));
}
 
// Driver Code
static public void Main ()
{
    int a = 12, b = 8;
    findValues(a, b);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by @Tushil..

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to find the values of
// X and Y using the given equations
 
// Function to find the values
// of X and Y
function findValues($a, $b)
{
    // base condition
    if (($a - $b) % 2 == 1)
    {
        echo "-1";
        return;
    }
 
    // required answer
    echo ($a - $b) / 2, " " ,
         ($a + $b) / 2;
}
 
// Driver Code
$a = 12;
$b = 8;
findValues($a, $b);
 
// This code is contributed by jit_t
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to find the values of
// X and Y using the given equations
 
// Function to find the values
// of X and Y
function findValues(a, b)
{
    // base condition
    if ((a - b) % 2 == 1)
    {
        document.write( "-1");
        return;
    }
 
    // required answer
    document.write( (a - b) / 2+ " " +
        (a + b) / 2);
}
 
// Driver Code
let a = 12;
let b = 8;
findValues(a, b);
 
// This code is contributed
// by bobby
 
</script>
Output: 
2 10

 

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important Comcompetitivepetitve Programming concepts with the Competitive Programming Live  course.




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :