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Find the String having each substring with exactly K distinct characters

  • Last Updated : 22 Mar, 2021

Given two integers N and K. The task is to find the string of length N, such that each substring of length greater than equal to K, has exactly K distinct characters. 
Examples: 
 

Input: N=10, K=3
Output : ABCABCABCA
Explanation:
The output string has 3 distinct characters.

Input : N=20, K=7
Output : ABCDEFGABCDEFGABCDEF
Explanation:
The output string has 7 distinct characters.

 

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Approach:
To solve the problem mentioned above the main idea is to print distinct elements up to length K, and then repeat the same elements up to N
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 

C++




// C++ Program to Find the
// String having each substring
// with exactly K distinct characters
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the
// required output string
void findString(int N, int K)
{
    // Each element at index
    // i is modulus of K
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
        cout << char('A' + i % K);
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // initialise integers N and K
    int N = 10;
    int K = 3;
 
    findString(N, K);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find the
// string having each substring
// with exactly K distinct characters
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
 
// Function to find the
// required output string
static void findString(int N, int K)
{
     
    // Each element at index
    // i is modulus of K
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
    {
        System.out.print((char)('A' + i % K));
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    // Initialise integers N and K
    int N = 10;
    int K = 3;
    findString(N, K);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by shivanisinghss2110

Python3




# Python3 Program to Find the
# String having each substring
# with exactly K distinct characters
 
# Function to find the
# required output string
def findString(N, K) :
    # Each element at index
    # i is modulus of K
    for i in range(N) :
 
        print(chr(ord('A') + i % K),end="");
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__" :
    # initialise integers N and K
    N = 10;
    K = 3;
 
    findString(N, K);
     
# This code is contributed by AnkitRai01

C#




// C# program to find the
// string having each substring
// with exactly K distinct characters
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
// Function to find the
// required output string
static void findString(int N, int K)
{
     
    // Each element at index
    // i is modulus of K
    for(int i = 0; i < N; i++)
    {
       Console.Write((char)('A' + i % K));
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
     
    // Initialise integers N and K
    int N = 10;
    int K = 3;
 
    findString(N, K);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

Javascript




<script>
    // Javascript Program to Find the
    // String having each substring
    // with exactly K distinct characters
     
    // Function to find the
    // required output string
    function findString(N, K)
    {
     
        // Each element at index
        // i is modulus of K
        for (let i = 0; i < N; i++)
        {
            document.write(String.fromCharCode('A'.charCodeAt() + i % K));
        }
    }
     
    // initialise integers N and K
    let N = 10;
    let K = 3;
   
    findString(N, K);
 
// This code is contributed by divyesh072019.
</script>
Output: 
ABCABCABCA

 

Time Complexity:O(N)
 




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