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Find the size of a Set in Python

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 17 May, 2020

A Set is an unordered collection data type that is iterable, mutable, and has no duplicate elements. Python’s set class represents the mathematical notion of a set. The size of a set means the amount of memory (in bytes) occupied by a set object. In this article, we will learn various ways to get the size of a python set.

1.Using getsizeof() function:

The getsizeof() function belongs to the python’s sys module. It has been implemented in the below example.

Example 1:




import sys
  
# sample Sets
Set1 = {"A", 1, "B", 2, "C", 3}
Set2 = {"Geek1", "Raju", "Geek2", "Nikhil", "Geek3", "Deepanshu"}
Set3 = {(1, "Lion"), ( 2, "Tiger"), (3, "Fox")}
  
# print the sizes of sample Sets
print("Size of Set1: " + str(sys.getsizeof(Set1)) + "bytes")
print("Size of Set2: " + str(sys.getsizeof(Set2)) + "bytes")
print("Size of Set3: " + str(sys.getsizeof(Set3)) + "bytes")

Output:

Size of Set1: 736bytes
Size of Set2: 736bytes
Size of Set3: 224bytes

Note:The sys.getsizeof() function includes the marginal space usage, which includes the garbage collection overhead for the object. Meaning it returns the total space occupied by the object in addition to the garbage collection overhead for the spaces being used.

1.Using inbuilt __sizeof__() method:

Python also has an inbuilt __sizeof__() method to determine the space allocation of an object without any additional garbage value. It has been implemented in the below example.
Example 2:




import sys
  
# sample Sets
Set1 = {"A", 1, "B", 2, "C", 3}
Set2 = {"Geek1", "Raju", "Geek2", "Nikhil", "Geek3", "Deepanshu"}
Set3 = {(1, "Lion"), ( 2, "Tiger"), (3, "Fox")}
  
# print the sizes of sample Sets
print("Size of Set1: " + str(Set1.__sizeof__()) + "bytes")
print("Size of Set2: " + str(Set2.__sizeof__()) + "bytes")
print("Size of Set3: " + str(Set3.__sizeof__()) + "bytes")

Output:

Size of Set1: 712bytes
Size of Set2: 712bytes
Size of Set3: 200bytes

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