Find the player who wins the game by removing the last of given N cards
Given two integers N and K, where N represents the total number of cards present when game begins and K denotes the maximum number of cards that can be removed in a single turn. Two players A and B get turns to remove at most K cards, one by one starting from player A. The player to remove the last card is the winner. The task is to check if A can win the game or not. If found to be true, print ‘A’ as the answer. Otherwise, print ‘B’.
Input: N = 14, K = 10
Turn 1: A removes 3 cards in his first turn.
Turn 2: B removes any number of cards from the range [1 – 10]
Finally, A can remove all remaining cards and wins the game, as the number of remaining cards after turn 2 will be ≤ 10
Input: N = 11, K=10
Approach: The idea here is to observe that whenever the value of N % (K + 1) = 0, then A will never be able to win the game. Otherwise A always win the game.
- If N ≤ K: The person who has the first turn will win the game, i.e. A.
- If N = K + 1: A can remove any number of cards in the range [1, K]. So, the total number of cards left after the first turn are also in the range [1, K]. Now B gets the turn and number of cards left are in the range [1, K]. So, B will win the game.
- If K + 2 ≤ N ≤ 2K + 1: A removes N – (K + 1) cards in his first turn. B can remove any number of cards in the range [1, K] in the next turn. Therefore, the total number of cards left now are in the range [1, K].Now, since the remaining cards left are in the range [1, K], so A can remove all the cards and win the game.
Therefore the idea is to check if N % (K + 1) is equal to 0 or not. If found to be true, print B as the winner. Otherwise, print A as the winner.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
Time Complexity: O(1)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)