# Find the node whose sum with X has minimum set bits

Given a tree, and the weights of all the nodes and an integer x, the task is to find a node i such that weight[i] + x gives the minimum setbits, If two or more nodes have the same count of set bits when added with x then find the one with the minimum value.

Examples:

Input: x = 15
Output: 1
Node 1: setbits(5 + 15) = 2
Node 2: setbits(10 + 15) = 3
Node 3: setbits(11 + 15) = 3
Node 4: setbits(8 + 15) = 4
Node 5: setbits(6 + 15) = 3

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

Approach: Perform dfs on the tree and keep track of the node whose sum with x has minimum set bits. If two or more nodes have equal count of set bits then choose the one with the minimum number.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation of the approach ` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `int` `minimum = INT_MAX, x, ans = INT_MAX; ` ` `  `vector<``int``> graph; ` `vector<``int``> weight(100); ` ` `  `// Function to perform dfs to find ` `// the minimum set bits value ` `void` `dfs(``int` `node, ``int` `parent) ` `{ ` `    ``// If current set bits value is smaller than ` `    ``// the current minimum ` `    ``int` `a = __builtin_popcount(weight[node] + x); ` `    ``if` `(minimum > a) { ` `        ``minimum = a; ` `        ``ans = node; ` `    ``} ` ` `  `    ``// If count is equal to the minimum ` `    ``// then choose the node with minimum value ` `    ``else` `if` `(minimum == a) ` `        ``ans = min(ans, node); ` ` `  `    ``for` `(``int` `to : graph[node]) { ` `        ``if` `(to == parent) ` `            ``continue``; ` `        ``dfs(to, node); ` `    ``} ` `} ` ` `  `// Driver code ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``x = 15; ` ` `  `    ``// Weights of the node ` `    ``weight = 5; ` `    ``weight = 10; ` `    ``weight = 11; ` `    ``weight = 8; ` `    ``weight = 6; ` ` `  `    ``// Edges of the tree ` `    ``graph.push_back(2); ` `    ``graph.push_back(3); ` `    ``graph.push_back(4); ` `    ``graph.push_back(5); ` ` `  `    ``dfs(1, 1); ` ` `  `    ``cout << ans; ` ` `  `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation of the approach ` `from` `sys ``import` `maxsize ` ` `  `minimum, x, ans ``=` `maxsize, ``None``, maxsize ` ` `  `graph ``=` `[[] ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``100``)] ` `weight ``=` `[``0``] ``*` `100` ` `  `# Function to perform dfs to find ` `# the minimum set bits value ` `def` `dfs(node, parent): ` `    ``global` `x, ans, graph, weight, minimum ` ` `  `    ``# If current set bits value is greater than ` `    ``# the current minimum ` `    ``a ``=` `bin``(weight[node] ``+` `x).count(``'1'``) ` ` `  `    ``if` `minimum > a: ` `        ``minimum ``=` `a ` `        ``ans ``=` `node ` ` `  `    ``# If count is equal to the minimum ` `    ``# then choose the node with minimum value ` `    ``elif` `minimum ``=``=` `a: ` `        ``ans ``=` `min``(ans, node) ` ` `  `    ``for` `to ``in` `graph[node]: ` `        ``if` `to ``=``=` `parent: ` `            ``continue` `        ``dfs(to, node) ` ` `  `# Driver Code ` `if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"``: ` ` `  `    ``x ``=` `15` ` `  `    ``# Weights of the node ` `    ``weight[``1``] ``=` `5` `    ``weight[``2``] ``=` `10` `    ``weight[``3``] ``=` `11` `    ``weight[``4``] ``=` `8` `    ``weight[``5``] ``=` `6` ` `  `    ``# Edges of the tree ` `    ``graph[``1``].append(``2``) ` `    ``graph[``2``].append(``3``) ` `    ``graph[``2``].append(``4``) ` `    ``graph[``1``].append(``5``) ` ` `  `    ``dfs(``1``, ``1``) ` ` `  `    ``print``(ans) ` ` `  `# This code is contributed by ` `# sanjeev2552 `

Output:

```1
```

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