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Find the longest common prefix between two strings after performing swaps on second string

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Given two strings a   and b   . Find the longest common prefix between them after performing zero or more operations on string b   . In each operation, you can swap any two letters.
Examples
 

Input : a = "here", b = "there"
Output : 4
The 2nd string can be made "heret" by just 
swapping characters and thus the longest
prefix is of length 4.

Input : a = "you", b = "me"
Output : 0


 


Given that we are only allowed to performs swaps in the string b   and the length of prefix should be maximized. So the idea is to traverse string a   and check if the frequency of current character in string a   is same or less of that in string b   . If yes then move forward in string an otherwise break and print the length of the part of string an up to which a character is matched in string b   .
Below is the implementation of the above approach: 
 

C++

// C++ program to find the longest
// common prefix between two strings
// after performing swaps on the second string
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
  
void LengthLCP(string x, string y)
{
     
 
    int fr[26]={0};
      
    int a = x.length(); // length of x
    int b = y.length(); // length of y
      
    for (int i=0 ;i<b ; i++)
    {
        // creating frequency array of
        // characters of y
        fr[y[i] - 97] += 1;
    }
    // storing the length of
    // longest common prefix
    int c = 0;
      
    for (int i=0 ;i<a ; i++)
    {
        // checking if the frequency of the character at
        // position i in x in b is greater than zero or not
        // if zero we increase the prefix count by 1
        if (fr[x[i] - 97] > 0){
            c += 1;
            fr[x[i] - 97] -= 1;
        }
        else
            break;
    }
    cout<<(c)<<endl;
}
// Driver Code
int main()
{
string x="here", y =  "there";
  
LengthLCP(x, y);
 
return 0;
}
//contributed by Arnab Kundu

                    

Java

// Java program to find the longest
// common prefix between two strings
// after performing swaps on the second string
 
public class GFG {
 
    static void LengthLCP(String x, String y)
    {
         
 
        int fr[]=new int [26];
          
        int a = x.length(); // length of x
        int b = y.length(); // length of y
          
        for (int i=0 ;i<b ; i++)
        {
            // creating frequency array of
            // characters of y
            fr[y.charAt(i) - 97] += 1;
        }
        // storing the length of
        // longest common prefix
        int c = 0;
          
        for (int i=0 ;i<a ; i++)
        {
            // checking if the frequency of the character at
            // position i in x in b is greater than zero or not
            // if zero we increase the prefix count by 1
            if (fr[x.charAt(i) - 97] > 0){
                c += 1;
                fr[x.charAt(i) - 97] -= 1;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
        System.out.println((c)) ;
    }
 
 
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        String x="here", y =  "there";
          
        LengthLCP(x, y);
 
 
    }
    // This code is contributed by ANKITRAI1
}
  

                    

Python3

# Python program to find the longest
# common prefix between two strings
# after performing swaps on the second string
 
def LengthLCP(x, y):
    fr = [0] * 26
     
    a = len(x) # length of x
    b = len(y) # length of y
     
    for i in range(b):
        # creating frequency array of
        # characters of y
        fr[ord(y[i]) - 97] += 1
     
    # storing the length of
    # longest common prefix
    c = 0
     
    for i in range(a):
        # checking if the frequency of the character at
        # position i in x in b is greater than zero or not
        # if zero we increase the prefix count by 1
        if (fr[ord(x[i]) - 97] > 0):
            c += 1
            fr[ord(x[i]) - 97] -= 1
        else:
            break
    print(c)
 
# Driver Code
 
x, y = "here", "there"
 
LengthLCP(x, y)

                    

C#

// C# program to find the longest
// common prefix between two strings
// after performing swaps on the
// second string
using System;
 
class GFG
{
 
static void LengthLCP(String x, String y)
{
    int []fr = new int [26];
     
    int a = x.Length; // length of x
    int b = y.Length; // length of y
     
    for (int i = 0 ; i < b; i++)
    {
        // creating frequency array
        // of characters of y
        fr[y[i] - 97] += 1;
    }
     
    // storing the length of
    // longest common prefix
    int c = 0;
     
    for (int i = 0 ; i < a; i++)
    {
        // checking if the frequency of
        // the character at position i
        // in x in b is greater than zero
        // or not if zero we increase the
        // prefix count by 1
        if (fr[x[i] - 97] > 0)
        {
            c += 1;
            fr[x[i] - 97] -= 1;
        }
        else
            break;
    }
    Console.Write((c)) ;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main()
{
    String x = "here", y = "there";
     
    LengthLCP(x, y);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

                    

PHP

<?php
// PHP program to find the longest
// common prefix between two strings
// after performing swaps on the second string
 
function LengthLCP($x, $y)
{
     
 
    $fr = array_fill(0,26,NULL);
     
    $a = strlen($x); // length of x
    $b = strlen($y); // length of y
     
    for ($i = 0 ;$i < $b ; $i++)
    {
        // creating frequency array of
        // characters of y
        $fr[ord($y[$i]) - 97] += 1;
    }
     
    // storing the length of
    // longest common prefix
    $c = 0;
     
    for ($i = 0 ;$i < $a ; $i++)
    {
        // checking if the frequency of the character at
        // position i in x in b is greater than zero or not
        // if zero we increase the prefix count by 1
        if ($fr[ord($x[$i]) - 97] > 0)
        {
            $c += 1;
            $fr[ord($x[$i]) - 97] -= 1;
        }
        else
            break;
    }
    echo $c;
}
 
// Driver Code
$x="here";
$y = "there";
 
LengthLCP($x, $y);
 
return 0;
 
// This code is contributed by ChitraNayal
?>

                    

Javascript

<script>
 
// JavaScript program to find the long
// common prefix between two strings
// after performing swaps on the second string
 
    function LengthLCP(x, y)
    {
           
   
        let fr = Array(26).fill(0);
            
        let a = x.length; // length of x
        let b = y.length; // length of y
            
        for (let i=0 ;i<b ; i++)
        {
            // creating frequency array of
            // characters of y
            fr[y[i].charCodeAt() - 97] += 1;
        }
        // storing the length of
        // longest common prefix
        let c = 0;
            
        for (let i=0 ;i<a ; i++)
        {
            // checking if the
            // frequency of the character at
            // position i in x in b is greater
            // than zero or not
            // if zero we increase the
            // prefix count by 1
            if (fr[x[i].charCodeAt() - 97] > 0){
                c += 1;
                fr[x[i].charCodeAt() - 97] -= 1;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
        document.write((c)) ;
    }
 
 
// driver code
 
    let x="here", y =  "there";
            
        LengthLCP(x, y);
   
</script>

                    

Output: 
4

 

Time Complexity: O(length(x) + length(y))

Space Complexity: O(26)



Last Updated : 25 Apr, 2023
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