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Find the Longest Increasing Subsequence in Circular manner

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2021

Given an array, the task is to find to LIS (Longest Increasing Subsequence) in a circular way.
Examples : 
 

Input : arr[] = {5, 4, 3, 2, 1}
Output : 2
Although there is no LIS in a given array 
but in a circular form there can be
{1, 5}, {2, 5}, ...... 

Input : arr[]= {5, 6, 7, 1, 2, 3}
Output : 6
{1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7} will be the LIS in the
circular manner.

 

 

  1. Append the same elements(i.e. whole array) with the given array.
  2. For every window of size n(no. of elements in the given array), perform LIS.
  3. Return maximum length.

 



For example : Given array is {1, 4, 6, 2, 3}

After appending elements resultant array
will be {1, 4, 6, 2, 3, 1, 4, 6, 2, 3}.

Now for every consecutive n elements perform LIS.
1- {1, 4, 6, 2, 3} --3 is length of LIS.
2- {4, 6, 2, 3, 1} --2 is length of LIS.
3- {6, 2, 3, 1, 4} --3
4- {2, 3, 1, 4, 6}-- 4 {2, 3, 4, 6}
5- {3, 1, 4, 6, 2} --3.
6- {1, 4, 6, 2, 3} Original list.

So, maximum length of LIS in circular manner is 4. 

As in the last window we will have the same elements as in the given array which we don’t need to compute again, so we can append only n-1 elements to reduce the number of operations. 
 

C++




// C++ implementation to find LIS in circular way
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Utility function to find LIS using Dynamic programming
int computeLIS(int circBuff[], int start, int end, int n)
{
    int LIS[end-start];
 
    /* Initialize LIS values for all indexes */
    for (int i = start; i < end; i++)
        LIS[i] = 1;
 
    /* Compute optimized LIS values in bottom up manner */
    for (int i = start + 1; i < end; i++)
 
        // Set j on the basis of current window
        // i.e. first element of the current window
        for (int j = start; j < i; j++ )
            if (circBuff[i] > circBuff[j] && LIS[i] < LIS[j] + 1)
                LIS[i] = LIS[j] + 1;
 
    /* Pick maximum of all LIS values */
    int res = INT_MIN;
    for (int i = start; i < end; i++)
        res = max(res, LIS[i]);
 
    return res;
}
 
// Function to find Longest Increasing subsequence in
// Circular manner
int LICS(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Make a copy of given array by appending same
    // array elements  to itself
    int circBuff[2 * n];
    for (int i = 0; i<n; i++)
        circBuff[i] = arr[i];
    for (int i = n; i < 2*n; i++)
        circBuff[i] = arr[i-n];
 
    // Perform LIS for each window of size n
    int res = INT_MIN;
    for (int i=0; i<n; i++)
        res = max(computeLIS(circBuff, i, i + n, n), res);
 
    return res;
}
 
/* Driver program to test above function */
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 1, 4, 6, 2, 3 };
    int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    cout << "Length of LICS is " << LICS( arr, n );
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java implementation to find LIS in circular way
 
class Test
{
    // Utility method to find LIS using Dynamic programming
    static int computeLIS(int circBuff[], int start, int end, int n)
    {
        int LIS[] = new int[n+end-start];
      
        /* Initialize LIS values for all indexes */
        for (int i = start; i < end; i++)
            LIS[i] = 1;
      
        /* Compute optimized LIS values in bottom up manner */
        for (int i = start + 1; i < end; i++)
      
            // Set j on the basis of current window
            // i.e. first element of the current window
            for (int j = start; j < i; j++ )
                if (circBuff[i] > circBuff[j] && LIS[i] < LIS[j] + 1)
                    LIS[i] = LIS[j] + 1;
      
        /* Pick maximum of all LIS values */
        int res = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
        for (int i = start; i < end; i++)
            res = Math.max(res, LIS[i]);
      
        return res;
    }
      
    // Function to find Longest Increasing subsequence in
    // Circular manner
    static int LICS(int arr[], int n)
    {
        // Make a copy of given array by appending same
        // array elements  to itself
        int circBuff[] = new int[2 * n];
        for (int i = 0; i<n; i++)
            circBuff[i] = arr[i];
        for (int i = n; i < 2*n; i++)
            circBuff[i] = arr[i-n];
      
        // Perform LIS for each window of size n
        int res = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
        for (int i=0; i<n; i++)
            res = Math.max(computeLIS(circBuff, i, i + n, n), res);
      
        return res;
    }
 
    // Driver method
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
         int arr[] = { 1, 4, 6, 2, 3 };
         System.out.println("Length of LICS is " + LICS( arr, arr.length));
    }
}

Python3




# Python3 implementation to find
# LIS in circular way Utility
# function to find LIS using
# Dynamic programmi
def computeLIS(circBuff, start, end, n):
    LIS = [0 for i in range(end)]
     
    # Initialize LIS values
    # for all indexes
    for i in range(start, end):
        LIS[i] = 1
         
    # Compute optimized LIS values
    # in bottom up manner
    for i in range(start + 1, end):
         
        # Set j on the basis of current
        # window i.e. first element of
        # the current window
        for j in range(start,i):
            if (circBuff[i] > circBuff[j] and
                LIS[i] < LIS[j] + 1):
                LIS[i] = LIS[j] + 1
                 
    # Pick maximum of all LIS values
    res = -100000
    for i in range(start, end):
        res = max(res, LIS[i])
    return res
 
# Function to find Longest Increasing
# subsequence in Circular manner
def LICS(arr, n):
     
    # Make a copy of given
    # array by appending same
    # array elements to itself
    circBuff = [0 for i in range(2 * n)]
    for i in range(n):
        circBuff[i] = arr[i]
    for i in range(n, 2 * n):
        circBuff[i] = arr[i - n]
         
    # Perform LIS for each
    # window of size n
    res = -100000
    for i in range(n):
        res = max(computeLIS(circBuff, i,
                             i + n, n), res)
    return res
 
# Driver code
arr = [ 1, 4, 6, 2, 3 ]
n = len(arr)
print("Length of LICS is", LICS(arr, n))
 
# This code is contributed
# by sahilshelangia

C#




// C# implementation to find
// LIS in circular way
using System;
 
class Test
{
    // Utility method to find LIS
    // using Dynamic programming
    static int computeLIS(int []circBuff, int start,
                                     int end, int n)
    {
        int []LIS = new int[n+end-start];
     
        /* Initialize LIS values for all indexes */
        for (int i = start; i < end; i++)
            LIS[i] = 1;
     
        /* Compute optimized LIS values
           in bottom up manner */
        for (int i = start + 1; i < end; i++)
     
            // Set j on the basis of current window
            // i.e. first element of the current window
            for (int j = start; j < i; j++ )
                if (circBuff[i] > circBuff[j] &&
                            LIS[i] < LIS[j] + 1)
                    LIS[i] = LIS[j] + 1;
     
        /* Pick maximum of all LIS values */
        int res = int.MinValue;
        for (int i = start; i < end; i++)
            res = Math.Max(res, LIS[i]);
     
        return res;
    }
     
    // Function to find Longest Increasing
    // subsequence in Circular manner
    static int LICS(int []arr, int n)
    {
        // Make a copy of given array by
        // appending same array elements to itself
        int []circBuff = new int[2 * n];
         
        for (int i = 0; i<n; i++)
            circBuff[i] = arr[i];
        for (int i = n; i < 2*n; i++)
            circBuff[i] = arr[i-n];
     
        // Perform LIS for each window of size n
        int res = int.MinValue;
        for (int i=0; i<n; i++)
            res = Math.Max(computeLIS(circBuff, i, i + n, n), res);
     
        return res;
    }
 
    // Driver method
    public static void Main()
    {
        int []arr = {1, 4, 6, 2, 3};
        Console.Write("Length of LICS is " +
                    LICS( arr, arr.Length));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal.

PHP




<?php
// PHP implementation to
// find LIS in circular way
 
// Utility function to find
// LIS using Dynamic programming
function computeLIS($circBuff,
                    $start,
                    $end, $n)
{
    $LIS = Array();
 
    /* Initialize LIS values
    for all indexes */
    for ($i = $start; $i < $end; $i++)
        $LIS[$i] = 1;
 
    /* Compute optimized LIS
    values in bottom up manner */
    for ($i = $start + 1; $i < $end; $i++)
 
        // Set j on the basis of
        // current window
        // i.e. first element of
        // the current window
        for ( $j = $start; $j < $i; $j++ )
            if ($circBuff[$i] > $circBuff[$j] &&
                     $LIS[$i] < $LIS[$j] + 1)
                $LIS[$i] = $LIS[$j] + 1;
 
    /* Pick maximum of
    all LIS values */
    $res = PHP_INT_MIN;
    for ($i = $start; $i < $end; $i++)
        $res = max($res, $LIS[$i]);
 
    return $res;
}
 
// Function to find LIS
// in Circular manner
function LICS($arr, $n)
{
    // Make a copy of given array
    // by appending same array
    // elements to itself
    for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++)
        $circBuff[$i] = $arr[$i];
    for ($i = $n; $i < 2 * $n; $i++)
        $circBuff[$i] = $arr[$i - $n];
 
    // Perform LIS for each
    // window of size n
    $res = PHP_INT_MIN;
    for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++)
        $res = max(computeLIS($circBuff, $i,
                              $i + $n, $n),
                              $res);
 
    return $res;
}
 
// Driver Code
$arr = array(1, 4, 6, 2, 3);
$n = sizeof($arr);
 
echo "Length of LICS is " ,
            LICS($arr, $n);
     
// This code is contributed by aj_36
?>

Javascript




<script>
    // Javascript implementation to find LIS in circular way
     
    // Utility method to find LIS
    // using Dynamic programming
    function computeLIS(circBuff, start, end, n)
    {
        let LIS = new Array(n+end-start);
       
        /* Initialize LIS values for all indexes */
        for (let i = start; i < end; i++)
            LIS[i] = 1;
       
        /* Compute optimized LIS values
           in bottom up manner */
        for (let i = start + 1; i < end; i++)
       
            // Set j on the basis of current window
            // i.e. first element of the current window
            for (let j = start; j < i; j++ )
                if (circBuff[i] > circBuff[j] && LIS[i] < LIS[j] + 1)
                    LIS[i] = LIS[j] + 1;
       
        /* Pick maximum of all LIS values */
        let res = Number.MIN_VALUE;
        for (let i = start; i < end; i++)
            res = Math.max(res, LIS[i]);
       
        return res;
    }
       
    // Function to find Longest Increasing
    // subsequence in Circular manner
    function LICS(arr, n)
    {
        // Make a copy of given array by
        // appending same array elements to itself
        let circBuff = new Array(2 * n);
           
        for (let i = 0; i<n; i++)
            circBuff[i] = arr[i];
        for (let i = n; i < 2*n; i++)
            circBuff[i] = arr[i-n];
       
        // Perform LIS for each window of size n
        let res = Number.MIN_VALUE;
        for (let i=0; i<n; i++)
            res = Math.max(computeLIS(circBuff, i, i + n, n), res);
       
        return res;
    }
     
    let arr = [1, 4, 6, 2, 3];
    document.write("Length of LICS is " + LICS( arr, arr.length));
     
</script>

Output : 
 

Length of LICS is 4

Time complexity of above solution is O(n3). It can be reduced O(n2 Log n) using O(n Log n) algorithm to find LIS.
Reference : 
https://www.careercup.com/question?id=5942735794077696
This article is contributed by Sahil Chhabra. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
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