Find floor and ceil in an unsorted array

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 23 Apr, 2021

Given an unsorted array arr[] and an element x, find floor and ceiling of x in arr[0..n-1].
Floor of x is the largest element which is smaller than or equal to x. Floor of x doesn’t exist if x is smaller than smallest element of arr[].
Ceil of x is the smallest element which is greater than or equal to x. Ceil of x doesn’t exist if x is greater than greates element of arr[].
Examples:

Input : arr[] = {5, 6, 8, 9, 6, 5, 5, 6}
x = 7
Output : Floor = 6
Ceiling = 8

Input : arr[] = {5, 6, 8, 9, 6, 5, 5, 6}
x = 6
Output : Floor = 6
Ceiling = 6

Input : arr[] = {5, 6, 8, 9, 6, 5, 5, 6}
x = 10
Output : Floor = 9
Ceiling doesn't exist.

Recommended: Please solve it on “PRACTICE” first, before moving on to the solution.

Method 1 (Use Sorting)
1) Sort input array.
2) Use binary search to find floor and ceiling of x. Refer this and this for implementation of floor and ceiling in a sorted array.
Time Complexity : O(n log n)
Auxiliary Space : O(1)
This solution is works well if there are multiple queries of floor and ceiling on a static array. We can sort the array once and answer the queries in O(Log n) time.
Method 2 (Use Linear Search
The idea is to traverse array and keep track of two distances with respect to x.
1) Minimum distance of element greater than or equal to x.
2) Minimum distance of element smaller than or equal to x.
Finally print elements with minimum distances.

C++

 // C++ program to find floor and ceiling in an// unsorted array.#includeusing namespace std; // Function to floor and ceiling of x in arr[]void floorAndCeil(int arr[], int n, int x){    // Indexes of floor and ceiling    int fInd, cInd;     // Distances of current floor and ceiling    int fDist = INT_MAX, cDist = INT_MAX;     for (int i=0; i= x && cDist > (arr[i] - x))        {        cInd = i;        cDist = arr[i] - x;        }         // If current element is closer than        // previous floor.        if (arr[i] <= x && fDist > (x - arr[i]))        {        fInd = i;        fDist = x - arr[i];        }    }     if (fDist == INT_MAX)    cout << "Floor doesn't exist " << endl;    else    cout << "Floor is " << arr[fInd] << endl;     if (cDist == INT_MAX)    cout << "Ceil doesn't exist " << endl;    else    cout << "Ceil is " << arr[cInd] << endl;} // Driver codeint main(){    int arr[] = {5, 6, 8, 9, 6, 5, 5, 6};    int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(int);    int x = 7;    floorAndCeil(arr, n, x);    return 0;}

Java

 // Java program to find floor and ceiling in an// unsorted array.import java.io.*; class GFG{     // Function to floor and ceiling of x in arr[]    public static void floorAndCeil(int arr[], int x)    {        int n = arr.length;                 // Indexes of floor and ceiling        int fInd = -1, cInd = -1;          // Distances of current floor and ceiling        int fDist = Integer.MAX_VALUE, cDist = Integer.MAX_VALUE;          for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)        {            // If current element is closer than            // previous ceiling.            if (arr[i] >= x && cDist > (arr[i] - x))            {                cInd = i;                cDist = arr[i] - x;            }              // If current element is closer than            // previous floor.            if (arr[i] <= x && fDist > (x - arr[i]))            {                fInd = i;                fDist = x - arr[i];            }        }          if(fDist == Integer.MAX_VALUE)            System.out.println("Floor doesn't exist " );        else            System.out.println("Floor is " +  arr[fInd]);          if(cDist == Integer.MAX_VALUE)            System.out.println("Ceil doesn't exist ");        else            System.out.println("Ceil is  " + arr[cInd]);    }         public static void main (String[] args)    {        int arr[] = {5, 6, 8, 9, 6, 5, 5, 6};        int x = 7;        floorAndCeil(arr, x);    }}

Python 3

 # Python 3 program to find# floor and ceiling in an# unsorted array. import sys # Function to floor and# ceiling of x in arr[]def floorAndCeil(arr, n, x):     # Distances of current    # floor and ceiling    fDist = sys.maxsize    cDist = sys.maxsize     for i in range(n):             # If current element is closer        # than previous ceiling.        if (arr[i] >= x and            cDist > (arr[i] - x)):                     cInd = i            cDist = arr[i] - x         # If current element is closer        # than previous floor.        if (arr[i] <= x and fDist > (x - arr[i])):                     fInd = i            fDist = x - arr[i]     if (fDist == sys.maxsize):        print("Floor doesn't exist ")    else:        print("Floor is " + str(arr[fInd]))     if (cDist == sys.maxsize):        print( "Ceil doesn't exist ")    else:        print("Ceil is " + str(arr[cInd])) # Driver codeif __name__ == "__main__":    arr = [5, 6, 8, 9, 6, 5, 5, 6]    n = len(arr)    x = 7    floorAndCeil(arr, n, x) # This code is contributed# by ChitraNayal

C#

 // C# program to find floor and ceiling in an// unsorted array.using System; class GFG {         // Function to floor and ceiling of x in arr[]    public static void floorAndCeil(int []arr, int x)    {        int n = arr.Length;                 // Indexes of floor and ceiling        int fInd = -1, cInd = -1;         // Distances of current floor and ceiling        int fDist = int.MaxValue,            cDist =int.MaxValue;                     for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)        {                         // If current element is closer than            // previous ceiling.            if (arr[i] >= x && cDist > (arr[i] - x))            {                cInd = i;                cDist = arr[i] - x;            }             // If current element is closer than            // previous floor.            if (arr[i] <= x && fDist > (x - arr[i]))            {                fInd = i;                fDist = x - arr[i];            }        }         if(fDist == int.MaxValue)            Console.Write("Floor doesn't exist " );        else            Console.WriteLine("Floor is " + arr[fInd]);         if(cDist == int.MaxValue)        Console.Write("Ceil doesn't exist ");        else            Console.Write("Ceil is " + arr[cInd]);    }         // Driver code    public static void Main ()    {        int []arr = {5, 6, 8, 9, 6, 5, 5, 6};        int x = 7;                 floorAndCeil(arr, x);    }} // This code is contributed by nitin mittal.

PHP

 = \$x &&            \$cDist > (\$arr[\$i] - \$x))        {            \$cInd = \$i;            \$cDist = \$arr[\$i] - \$x;        }         // If current element        // is closer than        // previous floor.        if (\$arr[\$i] <= \$x &&            \$fDist > (\$x - \$arr[\$i]))        {            \$fInd = \$i;            \$fDist = \$x - \$arr[\$i];        }    }     if (\$fDist == 999999)        echo "Floor doesn't ".             "exist " . "\n" ;    else        echo "Floor is " .              \$arr[\$fInd] . "\n";     if (\$cDist == 999999)        echo "Ceil doesn't " .             "exist " . "\n";    else        echo "Ceil is " .             \$arr[\$cInd] . "\n";} // Driver code\$arr = array(5, 6, 8, 9,             6, 5, 5, 6);\$n = count(\$arr);\$x = 7;floorAndCeil(\$arr, \$n, \$x); // This code is contributed// by Sam007?>

Javascript



Output :

Floor is 6
Ceil is 8

Time Complexity : O(n)
Auxiliary Space : O(1)
Related Articles :
Ceiling in a sorted array
Floor in a sorted array
This article is contributed by DANISH_RAZA. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.