Find element with the maximum set bits in an array

Given an array arr[]. The task is to find an element from arr[] which has the maximum count of set bits.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {10, 100, 1000, 10000}
Output: 1000
Binary(10) = 1010 (2 set bits)
Binary(100) = 1100100 (3 set bits)
Binary(1000) = 1111101000 (6 set bits)
Binary(10000) = 10011100010000 (5 set bits)

Input: arr[] = {3, 2, 4, 7, 1, 10, 5, 8, 9, 6}
Output: 7

Approach: Traverse the array and find the count of set bits in the current element and find the element with the maximum number of set bits.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// C++ implementation of the approach 
  
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std; ;
  
// Function to return the element from the array 
// which has the maximum set bits 
int maxBitElement(int arr[], int n) 
  
    // To store the required element and 
    // the maximum set bits so far 
    int num = 0, max = -1; 
  
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) { 
  
        // Count of set bits in 
        // the current element 
        int cnt = __builtin_popcount(arr[i]); 
  
        // Update the max 
        if (cnt > max) { 
            max = cnt; 
            num = arr[i]; 
        
    
    return num; 
  
// Driver code 
int main() 
    int arr[] = { 3, 2, 4, 7, 1, 10, 5, 8, 9, 6 }; 
    int n = sizeof(arr)/ sizeof(arr[0]) ; 
      
    cout << maxBitElement(arr, n) << endl; 
      
return 0 ;
  
// This code is contributed by AnkitRai01 

chevron_right


Java

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// Java implementation of the approach
class GFG {
  
    // Function to return the element from the array
    // which has the maximum set bits
    static int maxBitElement(int arr[], int n)
    {
  
        // To store the required element and
        // the maximum set bits so far
        int num = 0, max = -1;
  
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
  
            // Count of set bits in
            // the current element
            int cnt = Integer.bitCount(arr[i]);
  
            // Update the max
            if (cnt > max) {
                max = cnt;
                num = arr[i];
            }
        }
        return num;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int arr[] = { 3, 2, 4, 7, 1, 10, 5, 8, 9, 6 };
        int n = arr.length;
        System.out.print(maxBitElement(arr, n));
    }
}

chevron_right


Python3

# Python 3 implementation of the approach

# Function to return the element from the array
# which has the maximum set bits
def maxBitElement(arr, n):

# To store the required element and
# the maximum set bits so far
num = 0
max = -1

for i in range(n):

# Count of set bits in
# the current element
cnt = bin(arr[i]).count(‘1’)

# Update the max
if (cnt > max):
max = cnt
num = arr[i]
return num

# Driver code
if __name__ == ‘__main__’:
arr = [3, 2, 4, 7, 1,
10, 5, 8, 9, 6]
n = len(arr)

print(maxBitElement(arr, n))

# This code is contributed by
# Surendra_Gangwar

C#

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// C# implementation of the approach
using System;
  
class GFG
{
  
    // Function to return the element from the array
    // which has the maximum set bits
    static int maxBitElement(int []arr, int n)
    {
  
        // To store the required element and
        // the maximum set bits so far
        int num = 0, max = -1;
  
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
  
            // Count of set bits in
            // the current element
            int cnt = BitCount(arr[i]);
  
            // Update the max
            if (cnt > max)
            {
                max = cnt;
                num = arr[i];
            }
        }
        return num;
    }
    static int BitCount(int n)
    {
        int count = 0;
        while (n != 0)
        {
            count++;
            n &= (n - 1);
        }
        return count;
    
      
    // Driver code
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        int []arr = { 3, 2, 4, 7, 1, 10, 5, 8, 9, 6 };
        int n = arr.Length;
        Console.Write(maxBitElement(arr, n));
    }
}
  
// This code contributed by Rajput-Ji

chevron_right


PHP

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

<?php
// PHP implementation of the approach
  
// Function to return the element from
// the array which has the maximum set bits
function maxBitElement($arr, $n)
{
  
    // To store the required element and
    // the maximum set bits so far
    $num = 0; $max = -1;
  
    for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++)
    {
  
        // Count of set bits in
        // the current element
        $cnt = BitCount($arr[$i]);
  
        // Update the max
        if ($cnt > $max)
        {
            $max = $cnt;
            $num = $arr[$i];
        }
    }
    return $num;
}
  
function BitCount($n)
{
    $count = 0;
    while ($n != 0)
    {
        $count++;
        $n &= ($n - 1);
    }
    return $count;
      
// Driver code
$arr = array(3, 2, 4, 7, 1, 10, 5, 8, 9, 6 );
$n = count($arr);
echo(maxBitElement($arr, $n));
  
// This code contributed by PrinciRaj1992
?>

chevron_right


Output:

7


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.