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Consecutive Prime numbers greater than equal to given number.

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 27 May, 2021

Question: 

 Given a number n, the task is to find two consecutive prime such that the product of these two prime is greater than or equal to n.

Example:

Input: 14
Output: 3 5
Explanation: 3 and 5 are consecutive prime numbers whose product is greater than 14.

Approach:

 Suppose n is of the range 10^8 to 10^10. We cannot find out primes using sieve because the range is upto10^10.

We can find the required consecutive primes by doing the following method.

  • Find the greatest prime which is less than sqrt(n) and store it in a temporary variable (first).
  • Find the smallest prime which is greater than sqrt(n) and store it in a temporary variable(second).
  • If the product of first and second is greater than equal to n then print it.
  • Else find a prime just greater than second and print it along with second.

Code:

C++




//C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#define endl "\n"
#define ll long long
using namespace std;
 
//Function to check prime.
bool is_prime(ll n)
{
    if (n == 1)
    {
        return false;
    }
    for (ll i = 2; i <= sqrt(n); i++)
    {
        if (n % i == 0)
        {
          // It means it is not
          // a prime
            return false;
        }
    }
  // No factor other than 1
  // therefore prime number
    return true;
}
 
//Function to find out the required
//consecutive primes.
void consecutive_primes(int n)
{
    ll first = -1, second = -1;
   
    //Finding first prime just
    // less than sqrt(n).
    for (ll i = sqrt(n); i >= 2; i--)
    {
        if (is_prime(i))
        {
            first = i;
            break;
        }
    }
    // Finding prime just greater
    //than sqrt(n).
    for (ll i = sqrt(n) + 1;
         i <= n / 2; i++)
    {
        if (is_prime(i))
        {
            second = i;
            break;
        }
    }
    // Product of both prime is greater
    // than n then print it
    if (first * second >= n)
    {
        cout << first << " "
          <<second << endl;
    }
    // Finding prime greater than second
    else
    {
        for (ll i = second + 1;
             i <= n; i++)
        {
            if (is_prime(i))
            {
                cout << second << " "
                  << i << endl;
                return;
            }
        }
    }
}
//Driver Program
int main()
{
    ll n = 14;
    consecutive_primes(n);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
     
// Function to check prime.
static boolean is_prime(long n)
{
    if (n == 1)
    {
        return false;
    }
    for(long i = 2; i <= (long)Math.sqrt(n); i++)
    {
        if (n % i == 0)
        {
             
            // It means it is not
            // a prime
            return false;
        }
    }
    
    // No factor other than 1
    // therefore prime number
    return true;
}
 
// Function to find out the required
// consecutive primes.
static void consecutive_primes(long n)
{
    long first = -1, second = -1;
 
    // Finding first prime just
    // less than sqrt(n).
    for(long i = (long)Math.sqrt(n); i >= 2; i--)
    {
        if (is_prime(i))
        {
            first = i;
            break;
        }
    }
     
    // Finding prime just greater
    // than sqrt(n).
    for(long i = (long)Math.sqrt(n) + 1;
             i <= n / 2; i++)
    {
        if (is_prime(i))
        {
            second = i;
            break;
        }
    }
     
    // Product of both prime is greater
    // than n then print it
    if (first * second >= n)
    {
        System.out.println(first + " " + second);
    }
    
    // Finding prime greater than second
    else
    {
        for(long i = second + 1; i <= n; i++)
        {
            if (is_prime(i))
            {
                System.out.println(second + " " + i);
                return;
            }
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String args[])
{
    long n = 14;
    consecutive_primes(n);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by splevel62

Python3




#python 3 program for the above approach
#Function to check prime.
from math import sqrt
 
def is_prime(n):
    if (n == 1):
        return False
    for i in range(2,int(sqrt(n))+1,1):
        if (n % i == 0):
            # It means it is not
            # a prime
            return False
  # No factor other than 1
  # therefore prime number
    return True
 
# Function to find out the required
# consecutive primes.
def consecutive_primes(n):
    first = -1
    second = -1
   
    # Finding first prime just
    # less than sqrt(n).
    i = int(sqrt(n))
    while(i >= 2):
        if (is_prime(i)):
            first = i
            break
        i -= 1
         
    # Finding prime just greater
    #than sqrt(n).
    for i in range(int(sqrt(n)) + 1,n//2 +1 ,1):
        if (is_prime(i)):
            second = i
            break
 
    # Product of both prime is greater
    # than n then print it
    if (first * second >= n):
        print(first,second)
         
    # Finding prime greater than second
    else:
        for i in range(second + 1,n+1,1):
            if (is_prime(i)):
                print(second,i)
                return
             
# Driver Program
if __name__ == '__main__':
    n = 14
    consecutive_primes(n)
     
    # This code is contributed by SURENDRA_GANGWAR.

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
   
    // Function to check prime.
    static bool is_prime(long n)
    {
        if (n == 1) {
            return false;
        }
        for (long i = 2; i <= (long)Math.Sqrt(n); i++) {
            if (n % i == 0)
            {
               
                // It means it is not
                // a prime
                return false;
            }
        }
       
        // No factor other than 1
        // therefore prime number
        return true;
    }
 
    // Function to find out the required
    // consecutive primes.
    static void consecutive_primes(long n)
    {
        long first = -1, second = -1;
 
        // Finding first prime just
        // less than sqrt(n).
        for (long i = (long)Math.Sqrt(n); i >= 2; i--) {
            if (is_prime(i)) {
                first = i;
                break;
            }
        }
        // Finding prime just greater
        // than sqrt(n).
        for (long i = (long)Math.Sqrt(n) + 1; i <= n / 2;
             i++) {
            if (is_prime(i)) {
                second = i;
                break;
            }
        }
        // Product of both prime is greater
        // than n then print it
        if (first * second >= n) {
            Console.WriteLine(first + " " + second);
        }
       
        // Finding prime greater than second
        else {
            for (long i = second + 1; i <= n; i++) {
                if (is_prime(i)) {
                    Console.WriteLine(second + " " + i);
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    }
   
    // Driver Program
    public static void Main()
    {
        long n = 14;
        consecutive_primes(n);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed  by ukasp.

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program for the above approach
 
    
// Function to check prime.
function is_prime(n)
{
    if (n == 1)
    {
        return false;
    }
    for(var i = 2; i <= parseInt(Math.sqrt(n)); i++)
    {
        if (n % i == 0)
        {
             
            // It means it is not
            // a prime
            return false;
        }
    }
    
    // No factor other than 1
    // therefore prime number
    return true;
}
 
// Function to find out the required
// consecutive primes.
function consecutive_primes(n)
{
    var first = -1, second = -1;
 
    // Finding first prime just
    // less than sqrt(n).
    for(var i = parseInt(Math.sqrt(n)); i >= 2; i--)
    {
        if (is_prime(i))
        {
            first = i;
            break;
        }
    }
     
    // Finding prime just greater
    // than sqrt(n).
    for(var i = parseInt(Math.sqrt(n)) + 1;
             i <= parseInt(n / 2); i++)
    {
        if (is_prime(i))
        {
            second = i;
            break;
        }
    }
     
    // Product of both prime is greater
    // than n then print it
    if (first * second >= n)
    {
        document.write(first + " " + second);
    }
    
    // Finding prime greater than second
    else
    {
        for(var i = second + 1; i <= n; i++)
        {
            if (is_prime(i))
            {
                document.write(second + " " + i);
                return;
            }
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver code
var n = 14;
consecutive_primes(n);
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar
 
</script>

Output

3 5

Time Complexity: O(sqrt(n))


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