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Fill two instances of all numbers from 1 to n in a specific way
  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 19 Apr, 2021

Given a number n, create an array of size 2n such that the array contains 2 instances of every number from 1 to n, and the number of elements between two instances of a number i is equal to i. If such a configuration is not possible, then print the same.
Examples: 
 

Input: n = 3
Output: res[] = {3, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2}

Input: n = 2
Output: Not Possible

Input: n = 4
Output: res[] = {4, 1, 3, 1, 2, 4, 3, 2}

We strongly recommend to minimize the browser and try this yourself first.
One solution is to Backtracking. The idea is simple, we place two instances of n at a place, then recur for n-1. If recurrence is successful, we return true, else we backtrack and try placing n at different location. Following is implementation of the idea.
 

C++




// A backtracking based C++ Program to fill
// two instances of all numbers from 1 to n
// in a specific way
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// A recursive utility function to fill
// two instances of numbers from 1 to n
// in res[0..2n-1]. 'curr' is current value of n.
bool fillUtil(int res[], int curr, int n)
{
    // If current number becomes 0,
    // then all numbers are filled
    if (curr == 0)
    return true;
 
    // Try placing two instances of 'curr' at
    // all possible locations till solution is found
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < 2 * n - curr - 1; i++)
    {
        // Two 'curr' should be placed at
        // 'curr+1' distance
        if (res[i] == 0 && res[i + curr + 1] == 0)
        {
             
            // Plave two instances of 'curr'
            res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = curr;
     
            // Recur to check if the above placement
            // leads to a solution
            if (fillUtil(res, curr - 1, n))
                return true;
     
            // If solution is not possible,
            // then backtrack
            res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = 0;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
 
// This function prints the result for
// input number 'n' using fillUtil()
void fill(int n)
{
    // Create an array of size 2n and
    // initialize all elements in it as 0
    int res[2 * n], i;
    for (i = 0; i < 2 * n; i++)
    res[i] = 0;
 
    // If solution is possible,
    // then print it.
    if (fillUtil(res, n, n))
    {
        for (i = 0; i < 2 * n; i++)
        cout << res[i] << " ";
    }
    else
        cout << "Not Possible";
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    fill(7);
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed
// by SHUBHAMSINGH8410

C




// A backtracking based C Program to fill two instances of all numbers
// from 1 to n in a specific way
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
 
// A recursive utility function to fill two instances of numbers from
// 1 to n in res[0..2n-1].  'curr' is current value of n.
bool fillUtil(int res[], int curr, int n)
{
     // If current number becomes 0, then all numbers are filled
     if (curr == 0) return true;
 
     // Try placing two instances of 'curr' at all possible locations
     // till solution is found
     int i;
     for (i=0; i<2*n-curr-1; i++)
     {
        // Two 'curr' should be placed at 'curr+1' distance
        if (res[i] == 0 && res[i + curr + 1] == 0)
        {
           // Plave two instances of 'curr'
           res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = curr;
 
           // Recur to check if the above placement leads to a solution
           if (fillUtil(res, curr-1, n))
               return true;
 
           // If solution is not possible, then backtrack
           res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = 0;
        }
     }
     return false;
}
 
// This function prints the result for input number 'n' using fillUtil()
void fill(int n)
{
    // Create an array of size 2n and initialize all elements in it as 0
    int res[2*n], i;
    for (i=0; i<2*n; i++)
       res[i] = 0;
 
    // If solution is possible, then print it.
    if (fillUtil(res, n, n))
    {
        for (i=0; i<2*n; i++)
           printf("%d ", res[i]);
    }
    else
        puts("Not Possible");
}
 
// Driver program
int main()
{
  fill(7);
  return 0;
}

Java




// A backtracking based C++ Program to fill
// two instances of all numbers from 1 to n
// in a specific way
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG
{
     
// A recursive utility function to fill
// two instances of numbers from 1 to n
// in res[0..2n-1]. 'curr' is current value of n.
static boolean fillUtil(int res[], int curr, int n)
{
    // If current number becomes 0,
    // then all numbers are filled
    if (curr == 0)
    return true;
 
    // Try placing two instances of 'curr' at
    // all possible locations till solution is found
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < 2 * n - curr - 1; i++)
    {
        // Two 'curr' should be placed at
        // 'curr+1' distance
        if (res[i] == 0 && res[i + curr + 1] == 0)
        {
             
            // Plave two instances of 'curr'
            res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = curr;
     
            // Recur to check if the above placement
            // leads to a solution
            if (fillUtil(res, curr - 1, n))
                return true;
     
            // If solution is not possible,
            // then backtrack
            res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = 0;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
 
// This function prints the result for
// input number 'n' using fillUtil()
static void fill(int n)
{
    // Create an array of size 2n and
    // initialize all elements in it as 0
    int res[] = new int[2 * n];
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < 2 * n; i++)
    res[i] = 0;
 
    // If solution is possible,
    // then print it.
    if (fillUtil(res, n, n))
    {
        for (i = 0; i < 2 * n; i++)
            System.out.print(res[i] + " ");
    }
    else
        System.out.print("Not Possible");
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main (String[] args)
{
    fill(7);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by ajit

Python3




# A backtracking based Python3 Program
# to fill two instances of all numbers
# from 1 to n in a specific way
def fillUtil(res, curr, n):
     
    # A recursive utility function to fill
    # two instances of numbers from 1 to n
    # in res[0..2n-1]. 'curr' is current value of n.
 
    # If current number becomes 0,
    # then all numbers are filled
    if curr == 0:
        return True
 
    # Try placing two instances of 'curr' at all
    # possible locations till solution is found
    for i in range(2 * n - curr - 1):
 
        # Two 'curr' should be placed
        # at 'curr+1' distance
        if res[i] == 0 and res[i + curr + 1] == 0:
 
            # Place two instances of 'curr'
            res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = curr
 
            # Recur to check if the above
            # placement leads to a solution
            if fillUtil(res, curr - 1, n):
                return True
 
            # If solution is not possible,
            # then backtrack
            res[i] = 0
            res[i + curr + 1] = 0
 
    return False
 
def fill(n):
     
    # This function prints the result
    # for input number 'n' using fillUtil()
 
    # Create an array of size 2n and
    # initialize all elements in it as 0
    res = [0] * (2 * n)
 
    # If solution is possible, then print it.
    if fillUtil(res, n, n):
        for i in range(2 * n):
            print(res[i], end = ' ')
        print()
    else:
        print("Not Possible")
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    fill(7)
 
# This code is contributed by vibhu4agarwal

C#




// A backtracking based C# Program to fill
// two instances of all numbers from 1 to n
// in a specific way
using System;
 
class GFG
{
     
// A recursive utility function to fill
// two instances of numbers from 1 to n
// in res[0..2n-1]. 'curr' is current value of n.
static bool fillUtil(int []res, int curr, int n)
{
    // If current number becomes 0,
    // then all numbers are filled
    if (curr == 0)
    return true;
 
    // Try placing two instances of 'curr' at
    // all possible locations till solution is found
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < 2 * n - curr - 1; i++)
    {
        // Two 'curr' should be placed at
        // 'curr+1' distance
        if (res[i] == 0 && res[i + curr + 1] == 0)
        {
             
            // Plave two instances of 'curr'
            res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = curr;
     
            // Recur to check if the above placement
            // leads to a solution
            if (fillUtil(res, curr - 1, n))
                return true;
     
            // If solution is not possible,
            // then backtrack
            res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = 0;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
 
// This function prints the result for
// input number 'n' using fillUtil()
static void fill(int n)
{
    // Create an array of size 2n and
    // initialize all elements in it as 0
    int []res=new int[2 * n];
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < (2 * n); i++)
    res[i] = 0;
 
    // If solution is possible,
    // then print it.
    if (fillUtil(res, n, n))
    {
        for (i = 0; i < 2 * n; i++)
        Console.Write (res[i] + " ");
    }
    else
        Console.Write ("Not Possible");
}
 
// Driver Code
static public void Main ()
{
    fill(7);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by ajit

Javascript




<script>
    // A backtracking based Javascript Program to fill
    // two instances of all numbers from 1 to n
    // in a specific way
     
    // A recursive utility function to fill
    // two instances of numbers from 1 to n
    // in res[0..2n-1]. 'curr' is current value of n.
    function fillUtil(res, curr, n)
    {
     
        // If current number becomes 0,
        // then all numbers are filled
        if (curr == 0)
            return true;
 
        // Try placing two instances of 'curr' at
        // all possible locations till solution is found
        let i;
        for (i = 0; i < 2 * n - curr - 1; i++)
        {
            // Two 'curr' should be placed at
            // 'curr+1' distance
            if (res[i] == 0 && res[i + curr + 1] == 0)
            {
 
                // Plave two instances of 'curr'
                res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = curr;
 
                // Recur to check if the above placement
                // leads to a solution
                if (fillUtil(res, curr - 1, n))
                    return true;
 
                // If solution is not possible,
                // then backtrack
                res[i] = res[i + curr + 1] = 0;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
 
    // This function prints the result for
    // input number 'n' using fillUtil()
    function fill(n)
    {
     
        // Create an array of size 2n and
        // initialize all elements in it as 0
        let res=new Array(2 * n);
        let i;
        for (i = 0; i < (2 * n); i++)
            res[i] = 0;
 
        // If solution is possible,
        // then print it.
        if (fillUtil(res, n, n))
        {
            for (i = 0; i < 2 * n; i++)
            document.write(res[i] + " ");
        }
        else
            document.write("Not Possible");
    }
     
    fill(7);
 
// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07.
</script>

Output: 

7 3 6 2 5 3 2 4 7 6 5 1 4 1

The above solution may not be the best possible solution. There seems to be a pattern in the output. I an Looking for a better solution from other geeks.
This article is contributed by Asif. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above
 




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