# fill in C++ STL

The ‘fill’ function assigns the value ‘val’ to all the elements in the range [begin, end), where ‘begin’ is the initial position and ‘end’ is the last position. NOTE : Notice carefully that ‘begin’ is included in the range but ‘end’ is NOT included. Below is an example to demonstrate ‘fill’ :

## CPP

 `// C++ program to demonstrate working of fill()``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `int` `main()``{``    ``vector<``int``> vect(8);` `    ``// calling fill to initialize values in the``    ``// range to 4``    ``fill(vect.begin() + 2, vect.end() - 1, 4);` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < vect.size(); i++)``        ``cout << vect[i] << " ";` `    ``return` `0;``}`

Output:
`0 0 4 4 4 4 4 0`

We can also use fill to fill values in an array.

## CPP

 `// C++ program to demonstrate working of fill()``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `int` `main()``{``    ``int` `arr[10];` `    ``// calling fill to initialize values in the``    ``// range to 4``    ``fill(arr, arr + 10, 4);` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < 10; i++)``        ``cout << arr[i] << " ";` `    ``return` `0;``}`

Output:
`4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4`

Filling list in C++.

## CPP

 `// C++ program to demonstrate working of fill()``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `int` `main()``{``    ``list<``int``> ml = { 10, 20, 30 };` `    ``fill(ml.begin(), ml.end(), 4);` `    ``for` `(``int` `x : ml)``        ``cout << x << " ";` `    ``return` `0;``}`

Output:
`4 4 4`

The time complexity of fill function: O(N)

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