File getParent() method in Java with Examples

The getParent() method is a part of File class. This function returns the Parent of the given file object. The function returns a string object which contains the Parent of the given file object.If the abstract path does not contain any Parent then a null string is returned.

Function Signature:

public String getParent()

Function Syntax:



file.getParent()

Parameters: This function does not accept any parameters.

Return value: The function returns a String value which is the Parent of the given File object.

Below programs will illustrate the use of the getParent() function:

Example 1: We are given a file object of a file, we have to get the Parent of the file object.

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// Java program to demonstrate the
// use of getParent() function
  
import java.io.*;
  
public class solution {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
  
        // try-catch block to handle exceptions
        try {
  
            // Create a file object
            File f
                = new File("c:\\users\\program.txt");
  
            // Get the Parent
            // of the given file f
            String Parent = f.getParent();
  
            // Display the file Parent
            // of the file object
            System.out.println("File Parent : "
                               + Parent);
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            System.err.println(e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

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Output:

File Parent : c:\users

Example 2: We are given a file object of a directory, we have to get the Parent of the file object.

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// Java program to demonstrate the
// use of getParent() function
  
import java.io.*;
  
public class solution {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
  
        // try-catch block to handle exceptions
        try {
  
            // Create a file object
            File f
                = new File("c:\\users\\program");
  
            // Get the Parent
            // of the given file f
            String Parent = f.getParent();
  
            // Display the file Parent
            // of the file object
            System.out.println("File Parent : "
                               + Parent);
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            System.err.println(e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

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Output:

File Parent : c:\users

The programs might not run in an online IDE. please use an offline IDE and set the Parent of the file



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Second year Department of Information Technology Jadavpur University

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