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File.Create(String) Method in C# with Examples

  • Last Updated : 17 Jun, 2021

File.Create(String) is an inbuilt File class method which is used to overwrites an existing file else create a new file if the specified file is not existing.

Syntax: 

public static System.IO.FileStream Create (string path);

Parameter: This function accepts a parameter which is illustrated below:  

  • path: This is the specified file path.

Exceptions: 

  • UnauthorizedAccessException: The caller does not have the required permission. OR the path specified a file that is read-only. OR the path specified a file that is hidden.
  • ArgumentException: The path is a zero-length string, contains only white space, or one or more invalid characters as defined by InvalidPathChars.
  • ArgumentNullException: The path is null.
  • PathTooLongException: The given path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length.
  • DirectoryNotFoundException: The given path is invalid.
  • IOException: An I/O error occurred while creating the file.
  • NotSupportedException: The given path is in an invalid format.

Below are the programs to illustrate the File.Create(String) method.



Program 1: Initially, no file is created. Below code itself create a new file file.txt with the specified contents. 

C#




// C# program to illustrate the usage
// of File.Create(String) method
 
// Using System, System.IO and
// System.Text namespaces
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
 
class GFG {
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Specifying a file path
        string file_path = @"file.txt";
 
        try {
            // Creating a new file, or overwrite
            // if the file already exists.
            using(FileStream fs = File.Create(file_path))
            {
                // Adding some info into the file
                byte[] info = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("GeeksforGeeks");
                fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length);
            }
 
            // Reading the file contents
            using(StreamReader sr = File.OpenText(file_path))
            {
                string s = "";
                while ((s = sr.ReadLine()) != null) {
                    Console.WriteLine(s);
                }
            }
        }
 
        catch (Exception ex) {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
        }
    }
}

Executing: 

mcs -out:main.exe main.cs
mono main.exe
GeeksforGeeks

After running the above code, above output is shown and a new file file.txt is created with some specified contents shown below:
 

file.txt

Program 2: The below shown file file.txt is created before running the below code. 
 

file.txt

C#




// C# program to illustrate the usage
// of File.Create(String) method
 
// Using System, System.IO and
// System.Text namespaces
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
 
class GFG {
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Specifying a file path
        string file_path = @"file.txt";
 
        try {
            // Overwriting the above file contents
            using(FileStream fs = File.Create(file_path))
            {
                // Adding some info into the file
                byte[] info = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("GFG is a CS Portal");
                fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length);
            }
 
            // Reading the file contents
            using(StreamReader sr = File.OpenText(file_path))
            {
                string s = "";
                while ((s = sr.ReadLine()) != null) {
                    Console.WriteLine(s);
                }
            }
        }
 
        catch (Exception ex) {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
        }
    }
}

Executing: 

mcs -out:main.exe main.cs
mono main.exe
GFG is a CS Portal

After running the above code, the above output is shown, and existing file contents get overwritten.
 

file.txt

 




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