# Extract ‘k’ bits from a given position in a number.

How to extract ‘k’ bits from a given position ‘p’ in a number?

Examples:

```Input : number = 171
k = 5
p = 2
Output : The extracted number is 21
171 is represented as 0101011 in binary,
so, you should get only 10101 i.e. 21.

Input : number = 72
k = 5
p = 1
Output : The extracted number is 8
72 is represented as 1001000 in binary,
so, you should get only 01000 i.e 8.
```

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

1) Right shift number by p-1.
2) Do bit wise AND of k set bits with the modified number. We can get k set bits by doing (1 << k) – 1.

## C

 `// C program to extract k bits from a given ` `// position. ` `#include ` ` `  `// Function to extract k bits from p position ` `// and returns the extracted value as integer ` `int` `bitExtracted(``int` `number, ``int` `k, ``int` `p) ` `{ ` `    ``return` `(((1 << k) - 1) & (number >> (p - 1))); ` `} ` ` `  `// Driver code ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``int` `number = 171, k = 5, p = 2; ` `    ``printf``(``"The extracted number is %d"``,  ` `               ``bitExtracted(number, k, p)); ` `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

## Java

 `// Java program to extract k bits from a given ` `// position. ` ` `  `class` `GFG { ` ` `  `    ``// Function to extract k bits from p position ` `    ``// and returns the extracted value as integer ` `    ``static` `int` `bitExtracted(``int` `number, ``int` `k, ``int` `p) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``return` `(((``1` `<< k) - ``1``) & (number >> (p - ``1``))); ` `    ``} ` `  `  `    ``// Driver code ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) { ` `        ``int` `number = ``171``, k = ``5``, p = ``2``; ` `        ``System.out.println(``"The extracted number is "``+  ` `               ``bitExtracted(number, k, p)); ` `    ``} ` `} `

## Python

 `# Python program to extract k bits from a given ` `# position. ` ` `  `# Function to extract k bits from p position  ` `# and returns the extracted value as integer ` `def` `bitExtracted(number, k, p):    ` `    ``return` `( ((``1` `<< k) ``-` `1``)  &  (number >> (p``-``1``) ) ); ` ` `  `# number is from where 'k' bits are extracted  ` `# from p position ` `number ``=` `171` `k ``=` `5` `p ``=` `2` `print` `"The extracted number is "``, bitExtracted(number, k, p) `

## C#

 `// C# program to extract k bits from a given ` `// position. ` `using` `System; ` ` `  `class` `GFG { ` `  `  `    ``// Function to extract k bits from p position ` `    ``// and returns the extracted value as integer ` `    ``static` `int` `bitExtracted(``int` `number, ``int` `k, ``int` `p) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``return` `(((1 << k) - 1) & (number >> (p - 1))); ` `    ``} ` `   `  `    ``// Driver code ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `Main() ` `    ``{ ` `        ``int` `number = 171, k = 5, p = 2; ` `         `  `        ``Console.WriteLine(``"The extracted number is "` `                      ``+ bitExtracted(number, k, p)); ` `    ``} ` `} ` ` `  `//This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal. `

## PHP

 `> (``\$p` `- 1))); ` `} ` ` `  `    ``// Driver Code ` `    ``\$number` `= 171; ``\$k` `= 5; ``\$p` `= 2; ` `    ``echo` `"The extracted number is "``,  ` `          ``bitExtracted(``\$number``, ``\$k``, ``\$p``); ` `           `  `// This code is contributed by Ajit ` `?> `

Output :

`The extracted number is 21`

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