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Express.js | app.use() Function

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 18 Jun, 2020
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The app.use() function is used to mount the specified middleware function(s) at the path which is being specified. It is mostly used to set up middleware for your application.


app.use(path, callback)


  1. path: It is the path for which the middleware function is being called. It can be a string representing a path or path pattern or regular expression pattern to match the paths.
  2. callback: It is a middleware function or a series/array of middleware functions.

Installation of express module:

  1. You can visit the link to Install express module. You can install this package by using this command.
    npm install express
  2. After installing express module, you can check your express version in command prompt using the command.
    npm version express
  3. After that, you can just create a folder and add a file for example, index.js. To run this file you need to run the following command.
    node index.js

Filename: index.js

var express = require('express');
var app = express();
var PORT = 3000;
// This middleware will not allow the
// request to go beyond it
app.use(function (req, res, next) {
    console.log("Middleware called")
// Requests will never reach this route
app.get('/user', function (req, res) {
    console.log("/user request called");
    res.send('Welcome to GeeksforGeeks');
app.listen(PORT, function(err){
    if (err) console.log(err);
    console.log("Server listening on PORT", PORT);

Steps to run the program:

  1. The project structure will look like this:
  2. Make sure you have installed express module using the following command:
    npm install express
  3. Run index.js file using below command:
    node index.js


    Server listening on PORT 3000
  4. Now open your browser and go to http://localhost:3000/user and you can see the following output on console as shown below:

    Server listening on PORT 3000
    Middleware called
    /user request called

    And on browser you will see the Welcome to GeeksforGeeks.

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