exit() vs _Exit() in C/C++
exit() and _Exit() in C/C++ are very similar in functionality. However, there is one difference between exit() and _Exit() and it is that exit() function performs some cleaning before termination of the program like connection termination, buffer flushes etc.
In C, exit() terminates the calling process without executing the rest code which is after the exit() function.
void exit(int exit_code); // The exit_code is the value which is returned to parent process
Explanation: In the above program, first the printf statement is called and the value is printed. After that, the exit() function is called and it exits the execution immediately and it does not print the statement in the printf().
The _Exit() function in C/C++ gives normal termination of a program without performing any cleanup tasks. For example, it does not execute functions registered with atexit.
void _Exit(int exit_code); // Here the exit_code represent the exit // status of the program which can be // 0 or non-zero.
Return Value: The _Exit() function returns nothing.
Here, the output will be nothing.
Let’s understand the difference through an example. Here, in the following program, we have used exit(),
The code is immediately terminated after exit() is encountered. Now, if we replace exit with _Exit(),
There is no output and nothing is printed.
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