Execute a String of Code in Python
Given few lines of code inside a string variable and execute the code inside the string.
Input: code = """ a = 6+5 print(a)""" Output: 11 Explanation: Mind it that "code" is a variable and not python code. It contains another code, which we need to execute. Input: code = """ def factorial(num): for i in range(1,num+1): fact = fact*i return fact print(factorial(5))""" Output: 120 Explanation: On executing the program containing the variable in Python we must get the result after executing the content of the variable.
Here we use the exec() function to solve the code contained inside a variable. exec() function is used for the dynamic execution of Python code. It can take a block of code containing Python statements like loops, class, function/method definitions and even try/except block. This function doesn’t return anything. The code below solves the problem and explains the exec() function.
Another approach to execute a string of code in Python is to use the eval() function. This function is similar to exec(), but it evaluates a string of code and returns the result.
Here is an example of using eval() to execute a string of code:
Time Complexity: O(1)
Auxiliary space: O(1)
Like exec(), eval() can be used to evaluate any valid Python expression, not just simple arithmetic operations. For example:
Note that eval() can be a security risk if you are evaluating code from an untrusted source, as it allows the execution of any Python expression. In such cases, it is recommended to use exec() instead, or to parse the code and evaluate it piece by piece in a controlled manner.
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