equals() on String and StringBuffer objects in Java

Consider the following codes in java:

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// This program prints false
class GFG {
  
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    StringBuffer sb1 = new StringBuffer("GFG");
    StringBuffer sb2 = new StringBuffer("GFG");
    System.out.println(sb1.equals(sb2));
  }
}

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Output:

false
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// This program prints true
class GFG {
  
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    String s1 = "GFG";
    String s2 = "GFG"
    System.out.println(s1.equals(s2));
  }
}

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Output:



true

The output is false for the first example and true for the second example. In second example, parameter to equals() belongs String class, while in second example it to StringBuffer class. When an object of String is passed, the strings are compared. But when object of StringBuffer is passed references are compared because StringBuffer does not override equals method of Object class.

For example, following first program prints false and second prints true.

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// This program prints false
class GFG {
  
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    String s1 = "GFG";
    StringBuffer sb1 = new StringBuffer("GFG");
    System.out.println(s1.equals(sb1));
  }
}

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Output:

false
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// This program prints true
class GFG {
  
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    String s1 = "GFG";
    StringBuffer sb1 = new StringBuffer("GFG");
    String s2 = sb1.toString();
    System.out.println(s1.equals(s2));
  }
}

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Output:

true


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