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Equality in Indian Democracy

Last Updated : 01 Nov, 2023
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Democracy is a political framework in which people directly exercise power or elect individuals to represent the people, such as a parliament. It is also known as majority rule, and authority cannot be inherited here. People vote for representatives. Representatives run in elections, and people choose their representatives. India became a democratic country after attaining independence in 1947. Indians were given the right to vote and choose their representatives as a result. Everyone in India, regardless of caste, color, race, religion, or gender, has the right to vote.

Equality in Democracy

Equality in Democracy

Equality in Indian Democracy

Equality is critical because it protects an individual’s “dignity.” Dignity mostly refers to the respect that an individual deserves from others for being a fellow human being. It is a basic and necessary human right. This perfect circumstance, however, does not exist. Even today, there are numerous sorts of inequality in India.

Equality provides equal privileges in favorable situations, freedoms, and positions. It entails providing equal privileges and chances to all groups of people. Individuals should be treated the same regardless of their gender, skin color, or financial status. People in India are good at heart, but when it comes to correspondence, they are not willing to put up with it. As a result, a single problem becomes a collective mob, and people risk their lives for the sake of correspondence.


Apart from poverty, India suffers from a plethora of forms of inequality. The caste system is one of the most prominent types of inequality in India. If a person lives in rural India, they have most likely learned or been confronted with their caste identity at a young age. If you reside in urban India, you may believe that people no longer believe in caste.

  • Racial Discrimination: Individuals associated with specific races are portrayed in a deceptive manner in the personality of children, and they are also encouraged not to treat them similarly. They were treated as slaves to the utmost, and they worked as slaves on their plantations.
  • Age Inequality: Age disparities or separation are common in many places throughout the world. A specific age group is separated and mistreated, which reflects in their hopeless manner of life. In order to avert a financial catastrophe in the family, girl children under the age of 18 are compelled to marry a man. Despite the fact that there are numerous laws prohibiting child marriage, such as the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act, it is nevertheless prevalent in many states across our country.
  • Educational Inequality: Educating a guy is like teaching a family, whereas educating a lady is like teaching a society. When a boy completes his training, he goes to work and makes himself financially happy. The parents are consistently prepared to train their sons and provide the best type of education for their sons. The path is different because of a girl’s education, and they are willing to spend a lot of money on their son’s education.
  • Financial Inequality: Individuals, we see, appraise a person based on their occupation rather than their person, conduct, and idiosyncrasies. A man’s social standing is determined by his job. Prior to that, an individual has a place with lower local area controls to do certain job tasks, and the higher local area is permitted to perform the finest work. A man’s employment helps him comprehend his financial situation and also determines his authority and worth in the eyes of the public.

Equality in India

Equality is a central principle enshrined within the Constitution of India. The Indian Constitution ensures equality to all residents and prohibits discrimination based on religion, race, caste, intercourse, or location of beginning. Here are a few aspects of equality in India:

1. Social Equality: India has various social cloth with an extended history of caste-primarily based discrimination and social inequalities. Efforts had been made to deal with those inequalities via affirmative movement regulations, together with reservations in training, employment, and political representation for traditionally deprived businesses. The Constitution also prohibits untouchability and promotes the abolition of practices that discriminate in opposition to certain groups.

2. Gender Equality: Gender equality is a vital factor of equality in India. The Constitution ensures the same rights and possibilities for women and prohibits discrimination based totally on gender. Over the years, the law has been enacted to shield girls’ rights, inclusive of legal guidelines against dowry, home violence, and sexual harassment. However, gender-based total discrimination and violence nonetheless persist, and efforts remain to ensure more gender equality and empowerment.

3. Educational Equality: India recognizes the importance of training in selling equality and social mobility. The Right to Education Act carried out in 2009, ensures unfastened and obligatory schooling for children elderly 6 to fourteen. Efforts have been made to bridge the instructional gap among distinctive social and monetary organizations via projects like scholarships, reservation guidelines, and packages targeting marginalized communities.

4. Economic Equality: Economic inequality stays a great mission in India. The USA has a huge wealth gap, with a small proportion of the population protecting an enormous proportion of the united states’ wealth. The authorities have applied for numerous poverty comfort programs, along with the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and social welfare schemes, to deal with economic disparities and sell inclusive increases.

5. Religious Equality: India is the earthly United States of America that upholds religious equality and freedom of religion. The Constitution ensures the right to practice, profess, and propagate any faith. However, incidents of religious intolerance and communal tensions had been a concern, and efforts are ongoing to promote religious concord and ensure identical treatment of people from distinct non-secular backgrounds.

6. LGBTQ+ Rights: In recent years, there had been large tendencies in spotting and shielding the rights of the LGBTQ+ community in India. In 2018, the Supreme Court decriminalized consensual identical-intercourse relationships, acknowledging the proper of equality and non-discrimination. However, the complete criminal reputation and safety of LGBTQ+ rights are still ongoing struggles in India.

While India has made progress in selling equality, there are chronic challenges and disparities that want to be addressed. Efforts are required to fight caste-primarily based discrimination, lessen gender-primarily based violence, bridge economic gaps, and make sure of equal possibilities for all citizens. Civil society companies, activists, and the government maintain to paintings towards creating a more inclusive and equitable society in India.

Equal Right to Vote

Equal proper to vote is an essential precept of democracy and a critical thing of political equality. In India, the proper to vote is guaranteed to all residents above the age of 18, no matter their caste, religion, gender, or socioeconomic heritage. Here are a few key aspects of the same proper to vote in India:

1. Universal Adult Franchise: The Constitution of India affords prevalent person suffrage, which means that each citizen who is 18 years of age or older has the right to vote. This guarantees that each character, no matter their demographic or social traits, has the same opportunity to take part in the democratic method and feature a say in electing their representatives.

2. Non-Discrimination: The proper to vote in India is based totally on the precept of non-discrimination. No citizen may be denied the right to vote on the premise of their caste, faith, gender, race, or every other grounds. The Election Commission of India plays a vital position in making sure that elections are conducted in a loose and honest manner, with no discrimination or disenfranchisement of the eligible electorate.

3. Equal Weightage: In the electoral procedure, every vote consists of the same weightage. Regardless of a person’s historical past or socioeconomic fame, their vote has the identical cost as some other voters. This guarantees that every citizen has an equal possibility to persuade the outcome of elections and shape the democratic governance of the USA.

4. Representation: The proper to vote is closely linked to the precept of representation. Through their votes, residents have the strength to pick their representatives at numerous ranges of government, including Members of Parliament, Members of the Legislative Assembly, and nearby government officers. This lets in for various voices and perspectives to be represented in a choice-making manner.

The equal right to vote isn’t the most effective prison entitlement but is additionally a cornerstone of democracy. It ensures that each citizen has an identical opportunity to take part in the political process, express their possibilities, and make a contribution to the choice-making of the united states. It is an effective tool for selling political equality, social justice, and inclusive governance in India.

Related Links

  1. Equality in Indian Democracy
  2. Women’s Work and Equality
  3. Article 14- Right to Equality

FAQs on Equality in Indian Democracy

Define democracy.

System of government where citizens elect their citizens is called democracy.

List two features of democracy.

  1. The country should be ruled by representatives elected by the people.
  2. People have the right to express their opinions, organize themselves, and protest.

What is Universal Adult Franchise?

Under the Universal Adult Franchise, every citizen over the age of 18 has the right to vote.

In which year was Universal Adult Franchise introduced in India?

Universal Adult Franchise was implemented in India in 1950, the year the new Constitution went into effect.

Why was there a big push toward democracy after 1980?

After 1980, there was a strong push toward democracy because democracy was revived in several Latin American countries, and several countries chose to become democracies after gaining independence.

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