# Efficiently check whether n is a multiple of 4 or not

Given a number n. The problem is to efficiently check whether n is a multiple of 4 or not without using arithmetic operators.

Examples:

```Input : 16
Output : Yes

Input : 14
Output : No
```

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

Approach: A multiple of 4 always has 00 as its last two digits in its binary representation. We have to check whether the last two digits of n are unset or not.

How to check whether the last two bits are unset or not.
If n & 3 == 0, then the last two bits are unset, else either both or one of them are set.

## C/C++

 `// C++ implementation to efficiently check whether n ` `// is a multiple of 4 or not ` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `// function to check whether 'n' is ` `// a multiple of 4 or not ` `string isAMultipleOf4(``int` `n) ` `{ ` `    ``// if true, then 'n' is a multiple of 4 ` `    ``if` `((n & 3) == 0) ` `        ``return` `"Yes"``; ` ` `  `    ``// else 'n' is not a multiple of 4 ` `    ``return` `"No"``; ` `} ` ` `  `// Driver program to test above ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``int` `n = 16; ` `    ``cout << isAMultipleOf4(n); ` `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

## Java

 `// Java implementation to efficiently check ` `// whether n is a multiple of 4 or not ` ` `  `class` `GFG { ` `    ``// method to check whether 'n' is ` `    ``// a multiple of 4 or not ` `    ``static` `boolean` `isAMultipleOf4(``int` `n) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``// if true, then 'n' is a multiple of 4 ` `        ``if` `((n & ``3``) == ``0``) ` `            ``return` `true``; ` ` `  `        ``// else 'n' is not a multiple of 4 ` `        ``return` `false``; ` `    ``} ` ` `  `    ``// Driver method ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``int` `n = ``16``; ` `        ``System.out.println(isAMultipleOf4(n) ? ``"Yes"` `: ``"No"``); ` `    ``} ` `} `

## Python 3

 `# Python 3 implementation to  ` `# efficiently check whether n ` `# is a multiple of 4 or not ` ` `  `# function to check whether 'n' ` `# is a multiple of 4 or not ` `def` `isAMultipleOf4(n): ` ` `  `    ``# if true, then 'n' is ` `    ``# a multiple of 4 ` `    ``if` `((n & ``3``) ``=``=` `0``): ` `        ``return` `"Yes"` ` `  `    ``# else 'n' is not a ` `    ``# multiple of 4 ` `    ``return` `"No"` ` `  `# Driver Code ` `if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"``: ` ` `  `    ``n ``=` `16` `    ``print` `(isAMultipleOf4(n)) ` ` `  `# This code is contributed  ` `# by ChitraNayal `

## C#

 `// C# implementation to efficiently check ` `// whether n is a multiple of 4 or not ` `using` `System; ` ` `  `class` `GFG { ` `     `  `    ``// method to check whether 'n' is ` `    ``// a multiple of 4 or not ` `    ``static` `bool` `isAMultipleOf4(``int` `n) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``// if true, then 'n' is a multiple of 4 ` `        ``if` `((n & 3) == 0) ` `            ``return` `true``; ` ` `  `        ``// else 'n' is not a multiple of 4 ` `        ``return` `false``; ` `    ``} ` ` `  `    ``// Driver method ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `Main() ` `    ``{ ` `        ``int` `n = 16; ` `        ``Console.WriteLine(isAMultipleOf4(n) ? ``"Yes"` `: ``"No"``); ` `    ``} ` `} ` ` `  `// This code is contributed by vt_m. `

## PHP

 ` `

Output:

```Yes
```

Can we generalize above solution?
Similarly we can check for other powers of 2. For example, a number n would be multiple of 8 if n & 7 is 0. In general we can say.

```// x must be a power of 2 for below
// logic to work
if (n & (x -1) == 0)
n is a multiple of x
Else
n is NOT a multiple of x
```

This article is contributed by Ayush Jauhri. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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