Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Draw Square and Rectangle in Turtle – Python

  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 06 Jul, 2021

Prerequisite: Turtle Programming Basics 
turtle is an inbuilt module in Python. It provides drawing using a screen (cardboard) and turtle (pen). To draw something on the screen, we need to move the turtle (pen). To move turtle, there are some functions i.e forward(), backward(), etc. 
 

Drawing Square:

Python3




# draw square in Python Turtle
import turtle
  
t = turtle.Turtle()
 
s = int(input("Enter the length of the side of the Square: "))
 
# drawing first side
t.forward(s) # Forward turtle by s units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree
 
# drawing second side
t.forward(s) # Forward turtle by s units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree
 
# drawing third side
t.forward(s) # Forward turtle by s units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree
 
# drawing fourth side
t.forward(s) # Forward turtle by s units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree

Input : 
 

100

Output : 
 



Second approach (Using Loop) :
 

Python3




# draw Square in Python Turtle
import turtle
  
t = turtle.Turtle()
 
s = int(input("Enter the length of the side of square: "))
 
for _ in range(4):
  t.forward(s) # Forward turtle by s units
  t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree

Input : 
 

100

Output : 
 

 

Drawing Rectangle: 

Python3




# draw Rectangle in Python Turtle
import turtle
  
t = turtle.Turtle()
 
l = int(input("Enter the length of the Rectangle: "))
w = int(input("Enter the width of the Rectangle: "))
 
# drawing first side
t.forward(l) # Forward turtle by l units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree
 
# drawing second side
t.forward(w) # Forward turtle by w units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree
 
# drawing third side
t.forward(l) # Forward turtle by l units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree
 
# drawing fourth side
t.forward(w) # Forward turtle by w units
t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree

Input : 
 

100
120

Output : 
 



Second approach (Using Loop) :
 

Python3




# draw Rectangle in Python Turtle
import turtle
  
t = turtle.Turtle()
 
l = int(input("Enter the length of the Rectangle: "))
w = int(input("Enter the width of the Rectangle: "))
 
for _ in range(4):
   
  # drawing length
  if _% 2 == 0:
    t.forward(l) # Forward turtle by l units
    t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree
 
  # drawing width
  else:
    t.forward(w) # Forward turtle by w units
    t.left(90) # Turn turtle by 90 degree

Input : 
 

100
120

Output : 
 

Since as of now, you must have learned how to draw various basic geometrical illustrations like circle, square, rectangle. So, let’s implement this knowledge to build something which you can really use in building games like let’s draw a human being using the basic knowledge of geometrical knowledge.

Here the code for this implementation:-

Python3




import turtle
 
def draw_dream():
    window = turtle.Screen()
    window.bgcolor("white")
    draw_Scarlett()
    window.exitonclick()
 
 
def draw_Scarlett():
    brad = turtle.Turtle()
    brad.shape("turtle")
    brad.color("red")
    draw_head(brad)
    draw_body(brad)
    draw_arm(brad)
    draw_leg1(brad)
    draw_leg2(brad)
 
 
def draw_head(brad):
    brad.circle(60)
    brad.speed(3)
    brad.right(60)
 
 
def draw_body(brad):
    num = 0
    while num < 3:
        brad.forward(150)
        brad.right(120)
        brad.speed(1)
        num += 1
 
 
def draw_arm(brad):
    brad.forward(60)
    brad.left(60)
    brad.forward(60)
 
    brad.backward(60)
    brad.right(60)
    brad.backward(60)
 
    brad.right(60)
 
    brad.forward(60)
    brad.right(60)
    brad.forward(60)
 
    brad.backward(60)
    brad.left(60)
    brad.forward(90)
 
 
def draw_leg1(brad):
    brad.left(120)
    brad.forward(40)
    brad.right(120)
    brad.forward(120)
    draw_foot1(brad)
 
 
def draw_leg2(brad):
    brad.color("red")
    brad.right(180)
    brad.forward(120)
    brad.right(60)
    brad.forward(70)
    brad.right(60)
    brad.forward(120)
    draw_foot2(brad)
 
 
def draw_foot1(brad):
    brad.color("blue")
    num = 0
    while num < 4:
        brad.forward(20)
        brad.right(90)
        num += 1
 
 
def draw_foot2(brad):
    brad.color("blue")
    num = 0
    while num < 4:
        brad.forward(20)
        brad.left(90)
        num += 1
 
 
draw_dream()

Output:

 

 Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.  

To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. And to begin with your Machine Learning Journey, join the Machine Learning – Basic Level Course




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :