Draw a triangle with centroid using OpenCV

Prerequisite: Geometric shapes using OpenCV

Given three vertices of a triangle, write a Python program to find the centroid of the triangle and then draw the triangle with its centroid on a black window using OpenCV.


Input: (100, 200) (50, 50) (300, 100)
Output: (150, 116)

Libraries Needed:


Create a black window with three color channels with resolution 400 x 300. Draw three lines which are passing through the given points using the inbuilt line function of the OpenCV. It will create a triangle on the black window. Find the centroid of the triangle using the following simple formula.


Draw this centroid on the black window using circle function of OpenCV with zero thickness.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:





# Python3 code to draw a triangle and find centroid
# importing libraries
import numpy as np
import cv2
# Width and height of the black window 
width = 400
height = 300
# Create a black window of 400 x 300
img = np.zeros((height, width, 3), np.uint8)
# Three vertices(tuples) of the triangle 
p1 = (100, 200)
p2 = (50, 50)
p3 = (300, 100)
# Drawing the triangle with the help of lines
#  on the black window With given points 
# cv2.line is the inbuilt function in opencv library
cv2.line(img, p1, p2, (255, 0, 0), 3)
cv2.line(img, p2, p3, (255, 0, 0), 3)
cv2.line(img, p1, p3, (255, 0, 0), 3)
# finding centroid using the following formula
# (X, Y) = (x1 + x2 + x3//3, y1 + y2 + y3//3) 
centroid = ((p1[0]+p2[0]+p3[0])//3, (p1[1]+p2[1]+p3[1])//3)
# Drawing the centroid on the window  
cv2.circle(img, centroid, 4, (0, 255, 0))
# image is the title of the window
cv2.imshow("image", img)


(150, 116)

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