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dos2unix and unix2dos commands
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 15 May, 2019

Sometimes, you will need to move files between windows and unix systems. Window files use the same format as Dos, where the end of line is signified by two characters, Carriage Return or CR or \r followed by Line Feed or LF or \n.
Unix files, on the other hand, use only Line Feed (\n).

unix2dos is a tool to convert line breaks in a text file from Unix format (Line feed) to DOS format (carriage return + Line feed) and vice versa.

  • dos2unix command : converts a DOS text file to UNIX format.
  • Unix2dos command : converts a Unix text file to DOS format

    Example

    Task : Create a file in DOS or in notepad with following contents
    hello everybody
    welcome to unix
    unix is easy
    

    now copy this file in unix /home/geeks directory

    $od –bc myfile.txt
    0000000 150 145 154 154 157 040 145 166 145 162 171 142 157 144 171 015
              h   e   l   l   o       e   v   e   r   y   b   o   d   y  \r
    0000020 012 167 145 154 143 157 155 145 040 164 157 040 165 156 151 170
             \n   w   e   l   c   o   m   e       t   o       u   n   i   x
    0000040 015 012 165 156 151 170 040 151 163 040 145 141 163 171 015 012
             \r  \n   u   n   i   x       i   s       e   a   s   y  \r  \n
    0000060
    

    The CR-LF combination is represented by the octal values 015-012 and the escape sequence \r\n.



    Note: The above output shows that this is a DOS format file.
    Now convert DOS file to UNIX format by using dos2unix command

    $dos2unix myfile.txt
    $od –bc myfile.txt
    

    Conversion of this file to UNIX is just a simple matter of removing the \r.
    We can also convert UNIX file to DOS format by using unixsdos command

    $unix2dos myfile.txt
    $od –bc myfile.txt
    

    After Conversion of this file to DOS, \r is added in DOS file.

    This article is contributed by Sahil Rajput. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

    Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

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